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ISSN: 1734-3402
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review
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vol. 18
Review paper

Influence of ionizing radiation on human body

Zygmunt Zdrojewicz
Alina Szlagor
Marta Wielogórska
Dorota Nowakowska
Jonatan Nowakowski

Klinika Endokrynologii, Diabetologii i Leczenia Izotopami Katedry i Kliniki Endokrynologii, Diabetologii i Leczenia Izotopami Uniwersytetu Medycznego we Wrocławiu
Studenci Wydziału Lekarskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego we Wrocławiu
Family Medicine & Primary Care Review 2016; 18, 2: 174–179
Online publish date: 2016/06/27
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This article describes positive and negative aspects of ionizing radiation and its effects on human body. Being a part of various medical procedures in medicine, ionising radiation has become an important aspect for both medical practitioners

and patients. Commonly used in treatment, diagnostics and interventional radiology, its medical usage follows numerous rules, designed to reduce excessive exposure to ionizing radiation. Its widespread use makes it extremely important to research and confirm effects of various doses of radiation on patients of all ages. Two scientific theories, explaining radiation effects on human organism, stand in contrast: commonly accepted LNT-hypothesis and yet to be proven hormesis theory. Despite the fact that the current radiation protection standards are based on the linear theory (LNT-hypothesis), the hormesis theory arouses more and more interest, and numerous attempts are made to prove its validity. Further research expanding the knowledge on radiation hormesis can change the face of the future. Perhaps such researches will open up new possibilities for the use of ionizing radiation, as well as enable the calculation of the optimal and personalised radiation dose for each patient, allowing us to find a new “golden mean”. The authors therefore are careful and believe that these methods have a large future, primarily patient’s good should however be kept in mind.

ionizing radiation, interventional radiology, radiation hormesis

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