eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank

3/2022
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Intra-cavitary brachytherapy in endometrial carcinoma: experience with cobalt-60 source

Jose Antonio Domínguez Rullán
1
,
María Teresa Muñoz Miguelañez
1
,
Rafael Colmenares Fernández
2
,
Miguel Cámara Gallego
2
,
Mercedes Martín Sánchez
1
,
Feliciano García Vicente
2
,
Sonsoles Sancho García
1

1.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, Madrid, Spain
2.
Department of Medical Physics, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, Madrid, Spain
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2022; 14, 3: 227-232
Online publish date: 2022/05/10
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Purpose
To report vaginal cuff brachytherapy (VCB) dosimetry parameters and clinical outcomes of patients with localized endometrial cancer treated with adjuvant high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy using a cobalt-60 (60Co) source.

Material and methods
Between 2011 and 2017, we identified patients with endometrial cancer treated with surgery and adjuvant VCB. Dosimetry variables analyzed included D2cc, D1cc, and D0.1cc for organs at risk (OARs) and distance from cylinder surface to 150% and 200% isodose line in vaginal mucosa. Local relapse (LR), regional relapse (RR), distant metastasis (DM), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier, and log-rank test was applied to assess differences between groups. Toxicity evaluation was tested for possible cross-correlation within dosimetric parameters using Pearson r test and stepwise multivariate linear regression.

Results
We identified 93 suitable patients. Mean age at diagnosis was 66 years (range, 45-85 years). Most patients had endometrioid adenocarcinoma (61.3%), followed by papillary-serous carcinoma (11.8%). 71% of patients presented with FIGO stage I (35.5% IA and 35.5% IB), 11.8% were stage II, and 17.2% were stage III. Adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (range, 46-50.4 Gy) was used in 53.8% of patients, and adjuvant chemotherapy in 38.7%. Median follow-up was 39 months (range, 5-84 months). Three-year OS and PFS were 87.5% and 85.5%, respectively. LR was seen in 2.2% of cases, RR in 7.5%, and DM in 12.9%. Mean rectum D2cc/D0.1cc were 88.1% and 116%, and mean bladder D2cc/D0.1cc were 79.2% and 103.2%, respectively. The most common acute toxicity was vaginal mucositis (8.9% ≥ G2), and the most frequent chronic toxicity was vaginal stenosis (25.3% ≥ G1).

Conclusions
Adjuvant high-dose-rate VCB with 60Co source for patients with endometrial cancer is well tolerated, with clinical and toxicity outcomes comparable to those reported with iridium-192 (192Ir) source.

keywords:

brachytherapy, cobalt-60, endometrial cancer, intra-cavitary

 
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