eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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2/2017
 
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abstract:
Review paper

The diagnosis and management of congenital and adult-onset hyperinsulinism (nesidioblastosis) – literature review

Adam M. Kowalewski, Łukasz Szylberg, Anna Kasperska, Andrzej Marszałek

Pol J Pathol 2017; 68 (2): 97-101
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Congenital and adult-onset hyperinsulinism (CHI) must be taken under consideration in the differential diagnosis of hypoglycaemia symptoms with endogenous hyperinsulinism, especially in cases in which there was failure to find an insulinoma. Histological examination is necessary for a definitive diagnosis. CHI is a disorder with three histopathological variants: focal CHI, diffuse CHI, and atypical CHI. These variants are clinically indistinguishable. According to published statistics, 0.5 to 5% of nesidioblastosis cases occur in adults. Clinical manifestation ranges from mildly symptomatic up to life-threatening hypoglycaemia. Early diagnosis and treatment are important in young and very young patients because early treatment accounts for favourable mental outcomes.
keywords:

congenital, adult, hyperinsulinism, nesidioblastosis, diagnosis, management

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