eISSN: 2084-9869
ISSN: 1233-9687
Polish Journal of Pathology
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Original paper

Vaspin mRNA levels in the liver of morbidly obese women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Marek Waluga, Michał Kukla, Michał Żorniak, Marta Grabiec, Maciej Kajor, Michał Dyaczyński, Grzegorz Kowalski, Dominika Żądło, Agnieszka Berdowska, Rafał Kotulski, Rafał J. Bułdak, Tomasz Sawczyn, Ewa Waluga, Paweł Olczyk, Marek Hartleb

Pol J Pathol 2017; 68 (2): 128-137
The aim of this study was to evaluate hepatic vaspin mRNA in morbidly obese women with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to look for its relationships with metabolic and histopathological features.

The study included 56 severely obese women who underwent intraoperative wedge liver biopsy during bariatric surgery. Hepatic vaspin mRNA was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR.

Vaspin mRNA found in all included patients was markedly higher in patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2 (4.59 ±3.09 vs. 0.44 ±0.33; p = 0.05). An evident but statistically insignificant difference in vaspin mRNA levels was observed between patients with and without hepatocyte ballooning (4.77 ±4.23 vs. 0.45 ±0.29, respectively), with and without steatosis (4.80 ±4.20 vs. 0.41 ±0.29, respectively), without and with fibrosis (0.25 ±0.80 vs. 6.23 ±7.2, respectively), and those without and with lobular inflammation (0.27 ±1.0 vs. 5.55 ±10.1, respectively). There was marked difference in vaspin mRNA between patients with simple steatosis/borderline nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) compared to those with definite NASH (0.24 ±0.96 vs. 10.5 ±10.4).

Adiposity is an undoubted confounding factor influencing vaspin levels. Hepatic vaspin mRNA seems to be markedly elevated in morbidly obese patients with more advanced NAFLD and when hallmarks of NASH were observed. Pointing to non-linear mRNA levels within the NAFLD spectrum and an evident increase in patients with fibrosis and definite NASH, the detrimental action of vaspin cannot be excluded.

vaspin, adipokine, liver, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, obesity

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