eISSN: 2300-6722
ISSN: 1899-1874
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne
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3/2017
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The association between calcium consumption and students body composition

Przemysław Zając, Aneta Grochowska, Edyta Suliga

Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne 2017; 33 (3): 184–190
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Introduction: The consumption of calcium in the Polish population is insufficient, which may negatively influence the occurrence of osteoporosis, as well as cause overweight and obesity.

Aim of the research: To analyse the relationship between calcium consumption and body composition of the participants of this study.

Material and methods: The study was carried out on a sample group of 103 nursing students. The study group consisted of 91 (88.3%) women and 12 (11.7%) men, aged from 19 to 33 years. The participants of the study had their body composition analysed, the body mass index (BMI) was calculated, and the authors carried out a survey involving the Dairy Products Frequency Questionnaire (ADOS-Ca) as well as their own questionnaire to evaluate the socio-economic status of the subjects.

Results: The students who had the lowest calcium consumption also had the lowest BMI (p = 0.0015) and the lowest amount of visceral fat (p = 0.0260). Individuals who consumed the lowest amount of calcium also had the lowest muscle mass (p = 0.007) and bone mass (p = 0.004). However, the authors did not notice a significant statistical difference between the level of calcium consumption and the percentage of adipose tissue (p = 0.5000) as well as body water percentage (p = 0.3200).

Conclusions: The results of the research do not confirm the hypothesis that high calcium consumption is associated with a lower probability of the occurrence of excess body mass and adipose tissue.
keywords:

calcium consumption, body composition, body mass index

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