ISSN: 2545-0646
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecological Investigations
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1/2020
vol. 3
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Knowledge of HPV, HPV-induced cancers, and HPV vaccine among university students in medical laboratory science disciplines: Nigerian study

Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi
1
,
Obi Chidiebere
2
,
Njideka Jacob Nwafor
1
,
Babatunde Abiodun Amoo
1

1.
Cephas Health Research Initiative Inc., Ibadan, Nigeria
2.
Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria
J Obstet Gynecol Investig 2020; 3: e10–e16
Online publish date: 2020/04/14
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Introduction
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a leading cause of notorious diseases affecting humans. Students in medical laboratory science disciplines are a population group at high risk of being infected with HPV.

Aim
To assess the knowledge of HPV, HPV-induced cancers, and HPV vaccine among university students in laboratory science disciplines, studying at the Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria.

Material and methods
A cross-sectional survey of 150 students in laboratory science disciplines at the Federal University, Birnin Kebbi was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire obtaining information on their socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge of HPV, HPV-induced cancers, and HPV vaccine. Collected data was analysed using SPSS version 20 software.

Results
The majority (52.7%) of the respondents were females. Only 45.3% of them had ever heard of HPV, of whom 26.5% (n = 68) found out about it from internet sources. No significant relationship (p > 0.05) exists between the socio-demographic attributes of the respondents and their awareness of HPV, except for their course of study (p = 0.009). Furthermore, an in-depth assessment of knowledge of these respondents (n = 68) shows that they have huge knowledge gaps on HPV, HPV-induced cancers, and HPV vaccine. Furthermore, there exists statistically significant associations between gender of respondents and their knowledge of: “transmissibility of HPV through sexual intercourse”, “magnitude of risk of having multiple sexual partners”, “extent of protection offered by HPV vaccination”, and “clearance of HPV infections” (p < 0.05).

Conclusions
There is a need for school-based education programs targeted at educating students on the prevention strategies that are needed to be HPV free.

keywords:

human papillomavirus, vaccine, cancer, medical, students, knowledge, Nigeria

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