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Polish Journal of Pathology
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Letter to the Editor
Microscopic small clear cell papillary lesion of the kidney with long-term hemodialysis patient: Is this clear cell papillary adenoma?

Naoto Kuroda

Pol J Pathol 2014; 65 (3): 248-249
Online publish date: 2014/10/18
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Dear Editor,
The concept of clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been integrated into the renal classification of recent International Society of Urologic Pathology [1-3]. However, this disease category is nowadays controversial because no patients with this disease behave in an aggressive fashion [4, 5]. It is well known that clear cell papillary RCC occurs in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), acquired cystic kidney (ACD) and even normal kidney [2, 3, 6, 7]. In our experience, I often encounter microscopic small papillary lesion with clear cells in kidney of patients with chronic renal failure, particularly receiving hemodialysis. Here, we present such a case.
The patient was 72-year-old Japanese man. He has received the hemodialysis for 8 years because of chronic renal failure with unknown cause. He also had the past history of left renal cancer. After he died of sepsis because of lung abscess and pyogenic spondylitis, an autopsy was performed. The small lesion measuring 2mm was observed in the cortex of the right kidney. The lesion consisted of columnar cells with clear cytoplasm and papillary architecture, partly forming cystic space and depositing psammoma bodies (Fig. 1A). The cytologic atypia was mild and there were no mitotic figures (Fig. 1B). Immunohistochemically, the lesion was diffusely positive for cytokeratin 7 (Fig. 2), but negative for TFE3. Although I tried the immunohistochemistry of CA9, RCC Ma, CD10 and AMACR, the lesion disappeared because of its small size.
The immunohistochemical phenotype of this small lesion seems to be consistent with that of clear cell papillary RCC [8, 9]. According to the recent classification, papillary adenoma is defined as tumor with papillary or tubular architecture of low nuclear grade and 5mm in diameter or smaller [10]. Accordingly, I suggest that small clear cell papillary lesion may be actually clear cell papillary adenoma as a precursor lesion of clear cell papillary RCC arising in ESRD or ACD [2, 3]. Otherwise, as the majority of previously reported clear cell papillary RCC showed pT1a in stage, I speculate that most cases with clear cell papillary RCC may be really benign neoplasm [4, 5, 11-14].

References

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10. Eble JN, Moch H. Papillary adenoma of the kidney. In: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology & genetics. Tumours of the urinary system and male genital organs. Eble JN, Sauter G, Epstein JI, Sesterhenn IA (eds.). IARC Press, Lyon 2004; 41.
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Address for correspondence
Dr. Naoto Kuroda
Department of Diagnostic Pathology
Kochi Red Cross Hospital
2-13-51 Shin-honmachi, Kochi City
Kochi 780-8562, Japan
tel. +81 88 822 12 01
e-mail: kurochankochi@yahoo.co.jp
Copyright: © 2014 Polish Association of Pathologists and the Polish Branch of the International Academy of Pathology This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
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