eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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vol. 35
Letter to the Editor

Multiple disseminated keratoacanthoma-like nodules: a rare form of distant metastases to the skin

Alina Jankowska-Konsur, Karolina Kopeć-Pytlarz, Zdzisław Woźniak, Anita Hryncewicz-Gwóźdź, Joanna Maj

Adv Dermatol Allergol 2018; XXXV (5): 535-537
Online publish date: 2018/07/19
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Cutaneous metastases are found in approximately 0.7–10.4% of internal malignancies and they may rarely be the first symptom of the underlying neoplasm [1]. Typically, cutaneous secondaries present as a single, erythematous nodule, occasionally ulcerated, however, other presentations, including erysipelas carcinomatosa, alopecia neoplastica or carcinoma en cuirasse in the course of the breast cancer, or angiomatous tumors in the course of renal carcinoma may be occasionally observed. The metastases assimilating keratoacanthomas are extremely rare [2, 3].
Herein, we present a 72-year-old man, cigarette smoker, who was referred to our department with disseminated skin tumors of unknown etiology. On admission, dome-shaped, inflamed tumors, some of them with central, keratin-filled craters, clinically mimicking keratoacanthomas were observed on the scalp, forehead, nose, neck and trunk (back and left shoulder) (Figures 1, 2). All the lesions developed rapidly during the 2-month period preceding hospitalization.
The patient had a history of prostate cancer (Gleason score 3+3) treated with radiotherapy and hormonal therapy 4 years ago, hypertension and emphysema. He also suffered from liver cirrhosis secondary to viral hepatitis B, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) a year ago.
On admission, laboratory tests revealed leukopenia (2370/mm3), anemia (RBC 4.10 × 106/µl, HGB 13.0 g/dl), thrombocytopenia (49000/µl), elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and -glutamyl transferase (GGT) serum levels (78 U/l and 65 U/l, respectively, and D-dimers (6.65 µg/ml). Moreover ultrasound examination of the abdomen showed multiple hyperechogenic lesions covering the liver and X-ray of the thorax showed disseminated round shadows in both middle and lower lung fields.
Biopsy of the skin lesion obtained from the forehead revealed metastatic poorly differentiated carcinoma of unknown origin (Figure 2). The immunochemistry staining showed positive reaction for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) however other markers (pan-cytokeratin, S-100, Melan A, PSA, AMCAR and CEA) were negative. The expression of Ki67 antigen was lower than 10. Mitotic activity was assessed as 2–3 mitoses per HPF (high power field).
On the computed tomography (CT) scan, new liver tumors were observed and the patient was referred to the Angiosurgery Department to have TACE. During the subsequent therapeutic...

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