eISSN: 1731-2531
ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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1/2019
vol. 51
 
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abstract:
Review article

Oxygen therapy with high-flow nasal cannulas in children with acute bronchiolitis

Anna Zielińska
1
,
Joanna Jassem-Bobowicz
2
,
Joanna Kwiatkowska
3

1.
Oddział Pediatrii, Szpitale Tczewskie
2.
Klinika Neonatologii, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny
3.
Klinika Kardiologii Dziecięcej i Wad Wrodzonych Serca, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny
Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia 2019, tom 51, nr 1, 52–56
Online publish date: 2019/09/12
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Acute bronchiolitis is a common disease in children below 24 months of age. The most common aetiology of this disease is a respiratory syncytial virus infection. Since there is no effective treatment for bronchiolitis, supportive therapy alleviating symptoms and preventing respiratory failure is recommended. Oxygen therapy and appropriate nutrition during the disease are considered effective, particularly in severe cases. The choice of oxygen support is crucial. The present paper discusses oxygen therapy using high-flow nasal cannulas. Moreover, the safety of the method, its adverse side effects and practical pre-treatment guidelines are discussed.
keywords:

bronchiolitis; non-invasive respiratory support; high-flow nasal cannulas; HFNC; oxygen therapy

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