eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
2/2021
vol. 20
 
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abstract:
Case report

Pelvic mass, ascites, hydrothorax: a malignant or benign condition? Meigs syndrome with high levels of CA 125

Guglielmo Stabile
1
,
Giulia Zinicola
2
,
Federico Romano
1
,
Antonio Simone Laganà
3
,
Chiara Dal Pozzolo
2
,
Giuseppe Ricci
1

1.
Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy
2.
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
3.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, “Filippo Del Ponte” Hospital, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy
Menopause Rev 2021; 20(2): 103-107
Online publish date: 2021/05/25
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Introduction
Abdominal-pelvic mass, ascites and pleural effusion are suggestive of malignant metastatic ovarian cancer. This triad is also present in a rare benign condition called Meigs syndrome. Rarely this condition is associated with an increased CA 125 level.

Material and methods
A 62-year-old woman with a history of abdominal pain underwent an ultrasound (US) examination and a chest X-ray. The imaging revealed the presence of a large pelvic mass and ascites with a monolateral pleural effusion and a high level of the tumor marker CA 125. The patient underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy, salpingoophorectomy, removal of the pelvic mass, pelvic lymphadenectomy and peritoneal biopsies. The histology showed an ovarian fibrothecoma.

Results
The US analysis according to international ovarian tumor analysis simple rules revealed “inconclusive results”; the logistic regression model LR2 and Adnex suggested a high risk of malignancy. The presence of ascites and the size of the lesion associated with a high level of CA 125 affected the correct assessment of the risk of malignancy, exposing the patient to overtreatment.

Conclusions
Meigs syndrome is characterized by the resolution of symptoms after surgical removal of the pelvic mass. However, it mimics the clinical picture of a malignant metastatic ovarian cancer. Clinicians have to exclude ovarian cancer and recognize the syndrome to reduce inappropriate procedures.

keywords:

Meigs syndrome, CA 125, pelvic mass, ascites, hydrothorax, fibrothecoma, ovarian cancer

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