eISSN: 2354-0265
ISSN: 2353-6942
Health Problems of Civilization Physical activity: diseases and issues recognized by the WHO
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vol. 15
Review paper

Prediction and classification of pressure injuries by deep learning

Atınç Yilmaz
Hamiyet Kızıl
Umut Kaya
Rıdvan Çakır
Melek Demiral

Department of Computer Engineering, Beykent University, Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Nursing, Beykent University, Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Computer Engineering, Ayvansaray University, Istanbul, Turkey
Health Prob Civil. 2021; 15(4): 328-335
Online publish date: 2021/12/16
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Pressure injuries are a serious medical problem that both negatively affects the patient's quality of life and results in significant healthcare costs. In cases where a patient doesn’t receive appropriate treatment and care, death may result. Nurses play critical roles in the prevention, care, and treatment of pressure injuries as members of the healthcare team who closely monitor the health status of the patient. Today, the use of artificial intelligence is becoming more prevalent in healthcare, as in many other areas. Artificial intelligence is a method that aims to solve complex problems by using computers to mathematically simulate the way the brain works. In this article, we compile and share information about a deep learning model developed for the detection and classification of pressure injuries. Deep learning can operate on many types of data. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) prefer images because they can handle 2D arrays. In this case, the images, annotated according to the National Pressure Injury Advisory Panel pressure injury classification system, have been fed into a deep learning model using CNN. The developed CNN model has a 97% success in detecting and classifying pressure injuries, and as more images are collected and fed into the CNN, the prediction accuracy will increase. This deep learning model allows for the automatic detection and classification of pressure injuries, an indicator of health outcomes, at an early stage and for quick and accurate intervention. In this context, it is expected that the quality of nursing care will increase, the prevalence of pressure injury will decrease, and the economic burden of this health problem will decrease.

deep learning, odleżyny, sztuczna inteligencja, opieka pielęgniarska

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