eISSN: 2720-5371
ISSN: 1230-2813
Advances in Psychiatry and Neurology/Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
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2/2022
vol. 31
 
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abstract:
Original article

Relationship between self-compassion and psychological well-being with the mediating role of resilience in people with multiple sclerosis

Babak Bakhshayesh Eghbali
1
,
Sajjad Saadat
1
,
Keivan Hasanzadeh
1
,
Ali Pourramzani
2
,
Seyed Sepehr Khatami
1
,
Alia Saberi
3
,
Maryam Jafroudi
4

1.
Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2.
Department of Psychiatry, Kavosh Behavioural, Cognitive and Addiction Sciences Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3.
Poursina Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4.
Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Adv Psychiatry Neurol 2022; 31 (2): 43-51
Online publish date: 2022/07/13
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Purpose
Paying attention to the factors affecting the psychological well-being of people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) is of parti­cular importance, hence the present study investigated the relationship between self-compassion and psychological well-being with the mediating role of resilience.

Material and methods
This cross-sectional study was performed using an online survey in a sample of 410 PwMS registered with the Guilan MS Society (GMSS) of Iran. The study was conducted in 2021. A demographic questionnaire, Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales (PWB), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and the Self Compassion Scale Short Form (SCS-SF) were used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using structural equation modeling.

Results
The model and data were sensibly in agreement. Moreover, bootstrap results showed that all direct path coefficients were significant (t ≥ 1.96). The direct effects of self-compassion and resilience on psychological well-being were significant, with standardized coefficients of 0.69 and 0.21. In addition resilience, with a coefficient of 0.73, was associated with psychological well-being. Furthermore, the indirect effect of self-compassion on psychological well-being with the mediating role of resilience was also confirmed (p ≤ 0.05).

Conclusions
In particular, a higher self-compassion score predicts greater resilience, which is correlated with greater psychological well-being. These findings underscore the need to target the psychological well-being of PwMS through resilience to help them cope with living with chronic conditions.

keywords:

self-compassion, psychological well-being, resilience, multiple sclerosis

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