eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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2/2022
vol. 60
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Resveratrol attenuates autophagy and inflammation after traumatic brain injury by activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in rats

Yan Feng
1
,
Yaru Ju
2
,
Zhongjie Yan
1
,
Mingjun Ji
3
,
Jingchen Li
1
,
Qiang Wu
1
,
Ming Yang
1
,
Guozhu Sun
1

1.
The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, China
2.
The Fourth Hospital of Shijiazhuang, China
3.
Linxi County People’s Hospital, China
Folia Neuropathol 2022; 60 (2): 153-164
Online publish date: 2022/06/30
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Aim of the study
Accumulating studies have demonstrated that neuronal autophagy and inflammation are crucial for hippocampus development in rats subjected to traumatic brain injury (TBI). Therefore, we have investigated whether resveratrol is protective against brain damage through the attenuation of neuronal autophagy and inflammation, and explored underlying mechanisms.

Material and methods
Rats were injected with resveratrol (50 mg/kg, i.p.), following controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. Brain water content, behavioral studies, and mNSS score were measured to assess the effects of resveratrol treatment. Autophagy-related proteins and inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus were detected by Western blotting at 12, 24, and 48 hours after TBI. In addition, spatial distribution of LC3 was evaluated with immunofluorescence analysis 24 hours after injury. Finally, factors related to PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway were assessed at the same time in the hippocampus.

Results
Our results depicted that resveratrol could reduce the cerebral edema caused by TBI and improve the recovery of functional deficits in rats. Resveratrol was also able to remarkably reduce the expression of LC3 II and Beclin-1, while increased the expression levels of P62 in the hippocampus. Moreover, we found that interleukin b (IL-1b) and tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a) were significantly decreased in resveratrol-treated rats. Indeed, we observed an activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway after TBI, which may be related to the neuro-protective effect of resveratrol.

Conclusions
Data presented herein support that resveratrol is a potential treatment against TBI through the inhibition of neuronal autophagy and inflammation by activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.

keywords:

resveratrol, traumatic brain injury, autophagy, inflammation, PI3K/Akt/mTOR

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