eISSN: 2084-9885
ISSN: 1896-6764
Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia/Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2013
vol. 8
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:

Review article
The role of the cerebellum in control of cognitive functions – neuropsychological perspective

Anna Starowicz-Filip
,
Olga Milczarek
,
Stanisław Kwiatkowski
,
Barbara Bętkowska-Korpała
,
Paula Piątek

Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 2013; 8, 1: 24–31
Online publish date: 2013/05/17
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
The cerebellum was typically connected with motor functions of human movements, especially coordination, balance, and plasticity. In 1998 Schmahmann and Shermann described a neurobehavioral syndrome after cerebellum damage, which markedly extended beyond simple motor dysfunctions and incorporates such cognitive problems as executive dysfunctions, visual-spatial disturbances, mood disturbances and language impairment. The authors termed these emotional-cognitive difficulties cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome (CCAS).

According to the results of the research (years 1998-2012) the article characterizes the role of the cerebellum in the regulation of cognitive functions, which are parts of CCAS. Damage of the right cerebellar hemisphere causes language problems: agrammatism, depressed verbal fluency tasks, dynamic aphasia. Lesions of the left cerebellar hemisphere are correlated with dysfunctions of visuospatial skills. The cerebellum plays an important role in memory processes (procedural learning and verbal working memory) as well as in executive dysfunctions (planning, set-shifting and mental plasticity impairment). The lesions of particular parts of the cerebellum are connected with cognitive dysfunctions typical for these which are observed in cerebral damage (especially frontal and parietal cortical parts). This confirms the functional role of the cerebello-cortical loops in cognitive processes. Patients with cerebellar lesions should have neuropsychological diagnosis and cognitive rehabilitation.
keywords:

cerebellum, cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome, cognitive functions

Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe