eISSN: 2450-5722
ISSN: 2450-5927
Journal of Health Inequalities
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2/2018
vol. 4
 
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Editorial

The Health Promotion Foundation’s appeal on the International No Smoking Day 2018

Witold A. Zatoński
1, 2

1.
Health Promotion Foundation, Nadarzyn, Poland
2.
European Observatory of Health Inequalities, the President Stanisław Wojciechowski State University of Applied Sciences in Kalisz, Poland
J Health Inequal 2018; 4 (2): 87-89
Online publish date: 2018/12/31
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In the last three decades Poland has made remarkable progress in the fight against tobacco-related diseases [1]. At the beginning of the 1990s, the level of tobacco consumption in Poland was one of the highest in the world. Over 100 billion cigarettes were sold every year. Since then, smoking has dropped by over 50%. By 2017 the consumption of cigarettes has dropped to about 40 billion pieces [2]. Since the Poles began to quit smoking on a mass scale, morbidity and mortality due to tobacco-related diseases, lung cancer, heart attacks, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, have also fallen sharply [1]. Over the period 1990-2017, mortality rate due to lung cancer among men aged 20-64 was halved [3].
However, Poland is still at the beginning of its path to achieving good health for all. Cigarettes are still smoked by about 8 million Polish men and women [1].
The ‘Great Polish Smokeout’ campaign, based on the the ‘Great American Smokeout’, has become one of the most important Polish anti-tobacco initiatives. This campaign has been co-ordinated in Poland since the beginning of the 1990s by the Health Promotion Foundation. Historically, it has been one of the most effective health promotion efforts in Poland. In its peak years, up to half a million of ex-smokers declared that they had quit smoking thanks to the ‘Great Polish Smokeout’. As a result, millions of ex-smokers in Poland gained, on average, 10 years of life in good health [4].
From its very outset, one of the focal points of our campaign has been families expecting babies. On the one hand, the progress in the fight against smoking among pregnant women in Poland is remarkable – we have become the country with one of the lowest prevalence of smoking pregnant women. Research conducted in 1990, including all women giving birth in three voivodships: olsztyńskie, białostockie and poznańskie, showed that almost 30% of women smoked during pregnancy [5]. In 2017, 27 years later, in a study conducted on a nationwide sample, only 6% of pregnant women smoked cigarettes [6]. On the other hand, a 6% smoking prevalence among pregnant women means that about 25,000 infants have been directly exposed to tobacco smoke already in the womb. Scientific research has shown that more than 50% of carcinogens found in cigarette smoke penetrate the placenta. They are detected, among others, in the first sample of a newborn baby’s urine. These infants are always born smaller, worse prepared for life, burdened with the risk of many diseases attributed to smoking, such as tumours or asthma. In addition, if a family member smokes cigarettes at home during the pregnancy, it leads to further exposure to tobacco smoke via passive smoking of the mother.
The Health Promotion Foundation appeals for fami­lies expecting babies to be the main focus of this year’s International No Smoking Day, which falls on Thursday, November 15th. Children should be strictly protected against cigarette smoke. We appeal to all Poles, Polish organisations and institutions, and any recipients of this appeal, including yourself, to support the campaign and offer assistance in quitting smoking to families expecting babies.

DISCLOSURE

The author reports no conflict of interest.

References

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