ISSN: 1230-2813
Advances in Psychiatry and Neurology/Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii
Bieżący numer Archiwum Artykuły zaakceptowane O czasopiśmie Rada naukowa Bazy indeksacyjne Prenumerata Kontakt Zasady publikacji prac
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 30
 
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The apotheosis of intellectual disability in fictional literature

Marlena Podlecka
1
,
Tadeusz Pietras
2
,
Kasper Sipowicz
3

1.
Department of Neuroses, Personality Disorders and Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland
2.
The Second Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland
3.
Department of Interdisciplinary Disability Studies, The Maria Grzegorzewska University in Warsaw, Poland
Adv Psychiatry Neurol 2021; 30 (1): 12-20
Data publikacji online: 2021/06/10
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Introduction
Intellectual disability is an extremely complex phenomenon and can therefore be considered on the basis of either intellectual malfunction patterns and adaptability disorders, or in the optics of the socio-cultural construct. The ephemeral truth about the essence of the phenomenon of intellectual disability is formulated in a fluid and dynamic way at the border of culture and biology which justify the fact of analyzing it on the field of medical humanities. The broad perspective of the view of the phenomenon outlined in the first part of the paper provides the basis for understanding the image of a character with intellectual disabilities in fictional literature. The primary objective of the research was to get to know and understand the apotheosis of intellectual disability in selected works of fine literature.

Views
Basis assumptions of the hermeneutic method were applied in this research. Hermeneutics is a specific methodology on literary grounds, as it does not provide the user with ready-made techniques or tools for text analysis, emphasizing the lack of universal means of deciphering the meanings of literature. The meaning of the text becomes a reference developed by interpretation, which is a question of the hypotheses generated by the recipient. The area of analysis consists primarily of the categories of wisdom and good outlined in the silhouettes of the presented literary heroes.

Comment
As a result, characteristic ways of understanding wisdom and good in relation to characters with intellectual disabilities were identified, and thus the image of apotheosis was outlined.

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