eISSN: 1896-9151
ISSN: 1734-1922
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vol. 5

The influence of aspirin resistance on non-fatal coronary events following percutaneous coronary interventions

Alp B. Catakoglu
Saide Aytekin
Huseyin Celebi
Murat Sener
Hilal Kurtoglu
Cemsid Demiroglu
Vedat Aytekin

Arch Med Sci 2009; 5, 4: 531-538
Online publish date: 2009/12/30
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Introduction: Aspirin resistance is associated with unfavourable prognosis, including a higher incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death among stable cardiovascular patients, a higher incidence of re-occlusion after peripheral angioplasty, and myonecrosis following elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between aspirin resistance and non-fatal clinical endpoints during the long term follow-up following successful PCI.
Material and methods: A total of 100 subjects with angiographically diagnosed coronary artery disease and treated with elective, non-urgent intracoronary stent implantation between October 2001 and June 2002 were enrolled in the study. All patients were under regular aspirin (300 mg) treatment. PFA-100 analyzer was used to assess the platelet functions. Aspirin resistance was defined as a collagen/epinephrine closure time (CTCEPI) < 186 s. The study end-point was the composite of non-fatal coronary events which included non-fatal MI, coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or repeat PCI, during the 2-year follow-up period after the index PCI.
Results: The incidence of aspirin resistance was found to be significantly higher (p = 0.021) in patients with non-fatal coronary events (22.4%) compared to those who did not have (5.9%). Aspirin resistance was found to be an independent risk factor for non-fatal coronary events after adjusted for other potential risk factors (p = 0.019).
Conclusions: Despite regular treatment with aspirin, the incidence of aspirin resistance was significantly higher in patients who developed non-fatal coronary events on long term follow-up following elective PCI. Thus, these findings suggest that aspirin resistance might be an important risk factor that could affect the outcome following PCIs.

aspirin resistance, platelet, percutaneous coronary intervention

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