eISSN: 2299-0046
ISSN: 1642-395X
Advances in Dermatology and Allergology/Postępy Dermatologii i Alergologii
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
6/2018
vol. 35
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Type A behavior pattern, risk propensity and empathy in young professionally active patients with bronchial asthma

Andrzej Witusik, Piotr Kuna, Tadeusz Pietras, Łukasz Mokros

Adv Dermatol Allergol 2018; XXXV (6): 587-591
Online publish date: 2018/08/13
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Introduction
Type A behavior pattern is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It is a learned way to respond to stress. The capability of empathy and impulsiveness is an important element of functioning of the human being.

Aim
To assess the degree of bronchial asthma control in the context of the intensity of type A pattern of behavior, Impulsivity, Risk Propensity and Empathy.

Material and Methods
The study involved examination of 150 subjects, including 111 with asthma of different degrees of control, all of whom were young, professionally active people. Two validated questionnaires (IVE Impulsivity Questionnaire and Type A Scale) were used to assess the correlation between the degrees of asthma control and type A behavior pattern, Empathy, Impulsivity and Risk Propensity.

Results
The level of type A behavior pattern was significantly higher in the subjects with poorly controlled asthma as compared with those with partially controlled and well-controlled asthma and with healthy subjects. Impulsivity and Risk Propensity were higher in the group with poorly controlled asthma compared with the other analyzed groups. Empathy was lower in the group with poorly controlled asthma than in the other analyzed groups. There was no difference in the intensity of the analyzed mental variables between persons with partially controlled and well-controlled asthma and people without bronchial asthma.

Conclusions
Poor control of asthma may be associated with type A behavior pattern and high impulsivity and risk propensity.

keywords:

asthma control, type A behavior pattern, impulsiveness, empathy, risk propensity

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