eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2020
vol. 58
 
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abstract:
Original paper

miR-143-3p inhibition promotes neuronal survival in an Alzheimer’s disease cell model by targeting neuregulin-1

Chengyan Sun
1
,
Ning Jia
1
,
Rui Li
2
,
Ze Zhang
3
,
Yi Zhong
3
,
Kun Han
1

1.
Department of Neurology, Hwa Mei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo Institute of Life and Health Industry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo, Zhejiang, PR China
2.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, PR China
3.
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning, PR China
Folia Neuropathol 2020; 58 (1): 10-21
Online publish date: 2020/03/31
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Introduction
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is still the fifth leading cause of death and most common dementia worldwide. To date, there is no efficient strategy that can slow down the progression of AD owing to delayed diagnosis and limited therapies. MiR-143-3p is up-regulated in serum of AD patients, yet the exact role it plays in AD pathology is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of miR-143-3p on neuronal survival.

Material and methods
We induced neuronal differentiation in SH-SY5Y cells using all-trans-retinoic acid (RA), and Aβ1-42 was used to establish the in vitro AD cell model. The expression of tubulin β III and neuregulin-1 (NRG1) was evaluated by immunofluorescence. TUNEL assay was performed to assess cell apoptosis. Cell viability was evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The binding interaction between miR-143-3p and NRG1 was verified using the luciferase reporter assay.

Results
Typical neuronal-like axons were observed in RA-induced SH-SY5Y cells, followed by increased tubulin β III. A dramatically increased apoptotic rate and reduced cell viability were observed in the AD cell model. Then we silenced the miR-143-3p expression, and Aβ1-42 induced cell apoptosis was alleviated after miR-143-3p inhibition, accompanied by decreased cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 levels. Additionally, NRG1 was confirmed to be a downstream target of miR-143-3p, increased cell viability and suppressed cell apoptosis after miR-143-3p inhibition was abolished by NRG1 knockdown.

Conclusions
Our findings reveal that miR-143-3p inhibition promotes neuronal survival in an in vitro cell model via targeting NRG1, and the miR-143-3p/NRG1 axis is a potential therapeutic target and promising biomarker for AD treatment.

keywords:

Alzheimer’s disease, neuronal survival, miR-143-3p, NRG1

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