eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2018
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of quality of life in women five years after breast cancer surgery, members of Breast Cancer Self-Help Groups – non-randomized, cross-sectional study

Magdalena Sowa, Iwona Głowacka-Mrotek, Ewelina Monastyrska, Tomasz Nowikiewicz, Magdalena Mackiewicz-Milewska, Wojciech Hagner, Wojciech Zegarski

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2018; 22 (1): 20-26
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Aim of the study
To assess the quality of life in patients treated for breast cancer who were 5 years after diagnosis and were active members of Breast Cancer Self-Help Groups.

Material and methods
The study had a non-randomized, cross-sectional design. We enrolled 167 women who were more than 5 years after mastectomy and were active members of Breast Cancer Self-Help Groups (group A1). As a control group we enrolled 117 women after mastectomy – not members of such support groups (group A2). For the evaluation of the quality of life in both groups we used the following standardized questionnaires – EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-BR23 as well the Mini-MAC scale for the assessment of strategies of coping with disease.

Results
Based on QLQ C30 scores, group A1 had better emotional functioning (p = 0.0005) and a higher general quality of life (p = 0.0259), whereas group A2 had better role functioning (p = 0.0042). Based on QLQ BR23 scores, there were statistically significant differences in body image (p = 0.0366) and life perspectives (p = 0.0313) in favor of group A1. In the control group, there was a greater use of destructive coping strategies and anxious preoccupation (p = 0.1957).

Conclusions
Membership in Amazon groups improves functioning in breast cancer patients that can also extend into a five-year period after treatment completion.

keywords:

breast cancer, Self-Help Groups, quality of life, mastectomy, standardized questionnaires

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