eISSN: 1731-2531
ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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vol. 54
Original paper

Awareness and management of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome by paediatric intensive care physicians: a national survey

Nader Rezeni
Farah Thabet

  1. Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2022; 54, 4: 315–319
Online publish date: 2022/10/22
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This study aimed to evaluate the current awareness and management of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) among paediatric intensivists.

Material and methods
A web-based electronic survey was sent to all physicians working in paedia­tric intensive care units (PICUs) in Saudi Arabia. The survey questions obtained information regarding awareness of ACS and IAH, recognition criteria, monitoring of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), and experience in managing ACS.

A total of 79 physicians responded to the survey (response rate: 53%). Among respondents 48% were consultants. 85% of respondents were familiar with IAP/IAH/ACS. Only 35% and 10% were aware of the Abdominal Compartment Society consensus definitions for IAH and ACS in the paediatric population, respectively. Most respondents considered the cut-off for IAH to be ≥ 15 mm Hg, and approximately two-thirds thought that the cut-off for ACS was higher than the currently suggested consensus definition (10 mm Hg). More than two-thirds of respondents monitored IAP in the PICU, and it was measured almost exclusively via the bladder (96%); the majority (70%) reported that they instilled volumes well above the current recommendations. Medical management was the most frequent therapeutic approach to treat IAH/ACS, while surgical decompression was the least attempted option. Decisions to decompress the abdomen were predominantly based on the presence of organ dysfunction (74.4%).

This survey showed that although most responding physicians claim to be familiar with IAH and ACS, their knowledge of published consensus definitions, measurement techniques, and clinical management must be updated.


abdominal pressure, abdominal hypertension, abdominal compartment syndrome, paediatric intensive care

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