eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2023
vol. 18
 
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Interventional radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Comparison of two methods for CT-guided pulmonary nodule location before thoracoscopic surgery

Dehao Liu
1
,
Rongzhou Zhang
1
,
Xiuyi Yu
2
,
Liangzhong Liao
3
,
Sien Shi
2
,
Lichun Chen
3

1.
Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, SiMing, Xiamen, Fujian, China
2.
Department of Thoracic surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, SiMing, Xiamen, Fujian, China
3.
Department of Radiology, Xiamen Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, HuLi, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Videosurgery Miniinv 2023; 18 (4): 680–689
Online publish date: 2023/11/20
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Introduction
Preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided localization can shorten the time of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and accurately aid in pulmonary nodule removal.

Aim
To discuss the application value and safety of 2 kinds of breast localization needles and anchor localization needles in clinical practice for pulmonary nodules under CT guidance before VATS.

Material and methods
We retrospectively studied 215 patients with 247 pulmonary nodules, who underwent CT-guided pulmonary nodule location before VATS. The 2 kinds of localization needles were randomly used, and we collected and analysed the clinical data.

Results
We used breast and anchor localization needles in 27.9% and 72.1% of cases, respectively. Differences were observed in puncture localization time, detachment rate, and visual analogue scale (VAS). The detachment rate (0%) and positioning time (median: 12 min) were less in the anchor than in the breast localization needle group (8.7% and median: 13 min, respectively). The median VAS was approximately 2 and 5 in the anchor and breast localization needle groups, respectively. Surgical pathology revealed that 155 (62.8%) pulmonary nodules were malignant while 92 (37.2%) were benign. The primary distinction in surgical procedures is the higher proportion of segmental resections in the middle and inner band group (19.3%) compared to the periphery band group (4.2%).

Conclusions
Unlike breast localization needles, anchor localization needles can reduce pain and discomfort after positioning, and they are not easy to decouple. These 2 needles are safe for CT-guided localization, which can shorten the time of VATS and accurately aid in pulmonary nodule removal.

keywords:

pulmonary nodules, localization needles, lung adenocarcinoma, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

  
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