eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2020
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Complications after male adjustable suburethral sling implantation

Ausra Cerniauskiene
1, 2
,
Marija Barisiene
1, 2
,
Arnas Bakavicius
1, 2
,
Ramune Kavaliauskaite
2, 3
,
Albertas Cekauskas
1, 2
,
Arunas Zelvys
1, 2

1.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
2.
Centre of Urology, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania
3.
Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania
Videosurgery Miniinv 2020; 15 (3): 496–502
Online publish date: 2020/07/16
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Introduction
Argus suburethral sling implantation is a minimally invasive operation with the possibility to adjust the tension of the sling at any time after the procedure, which provides good treatment results for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Aim
To determine the predictive factors, the incidence, severity and timing of the onset of complications after Argus sling implantation for males with post-operative SUI.

Material and methods
A total of 41 patients who underwent Argus sling implantation due to post-operative SUI were included. Median follow-up was 12 months. All complications were captured and graded according to severity and classified by timing of onset. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of the most common side effects.

Results
Overall 22 (54%) of 41 males have experienced 31 complications. Three (7%) patients have experienced only intra-operative, 16 (39%) patients only post-operative and 3 (7%) patients both intra-operative and post-operative complications. The most common intra-operative complications were bladder perforation (12%) and external iliac vein injury (5%), while post-operative complications were acute urinary retention (29%), infection (10%) and perineal pain (7%). Previous radiotherapy has significantly increased the risk of intra-operative complications, while a non-significant tendency was observed for younger age, previous androgen deprivation therapy and grade 3 SUI. In terms of severity, most post-operative complications were classified as grade 3 according to the modified Clavien-Dindo system.

Conclusions
Argus sling implantation provides a tolerable complication rate, where acute urinary retention was the most common side effect. Previous radiotherapy significantly increases the risk of serious intra-operative complications.

keywords:

complications, urinary incontinence, treatment, male, adjustable suburethral sling

  
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