eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
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vol. 76
Original paper

Cone-beam computed tomography density measurement repeatability in Hounsfield units: a preliminary study

Luciano Augusto Cano Martins
Katarzyna Sarna-Boś
Paweł Kalinowski
Ingrid Różyło-Kalinowska

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Radiodiagnostics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Department of Dental Prosthetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
J Stoma 2023; 76, 3: 191-195
Online publish date: 2023/09/20
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Dental implants are the treatment of choice for patients, who are either partially or fully edentulous. Bone quantity and quality at the surgical site are key factors in an implant success.

To investigate the possibility of performing density measurement with Hounsfield units (HU) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in different types of materials.

Material and methods
The physical densities of 3 blocks (3 × 3 × 5 cm) made of 5 different materials (pine, beech, plaster, acrylic, and wax) were calculated. A VistaVoxS 3D CBCT device was used to scan each block using the following acquisition protocol: 5 × 5 field-of-view, 98 kVp, 11 mAs, and 0.08 voxel size. The resulting 15 CBCT scans after acquisitions were imported to AIS3DAPP 5.0 software. A virtual implant (16 mm × 5.2 mm) was centered in each block’s image, and bone density tool available in the software was used to measure HU with the virtual implant’s thirds. For each implant, mean HU values of the most anterior, posterior, left, and right sides were measured.

In general, each material produced different mean HU values. Plaster produced the highest values (2,160.9), followed by acrylic (126.39), wax (–170.65), beech (–655.78), and pine (90.12)

CBCT HU were repeatable and higher in the high-density material studied. The bone density tool demonstrated to be useful and reproducible.


bone density, cone-beam computed tomography, grey values

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