eISSN: 1897-4252
ISSN: 1731-5530
Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska/Polish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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4/2018
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Coronary endarterectomy: an old tool for patients currently operated on with coronary artery bypass grafting. Long-term results, risk factor analysis

Paolo Nardi
,
Marco Russo
,
Guglielmo Saitto
,
Emanuele Bovio
,
Sara Rita Vacirca
,
Carlo Bassano
,
Antonio Scafuri
,
Antonio Pellegrino
,
Giovanni Ruvolo

Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska 2018; 15 (4): 219-226
Online publish date: 2018/12/31
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Aim
Coronary endarterectomy (CE) may provide a useful adjunctive technique to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, the incidence of complications still remains high, long-term results remain unclear, and no risk factors for late mortality have been completely described yet.

Material and methods
We retrospectively reviewed 90 consecutive patients (67 ±8.2 years) undergoing isolated CABG in association with CE between 2006 and 2013. Mean follow-up was 75.1 ±36.2 months (median: 84 months) and it was 100% complete (6755/6755 patient-months).

Results
Operative mortality was 4.4%, the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction was 11%. Ten-year survival was 83.3 ±4.1%, freedom from cardiac death 92.7 ±2.9%, and freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events 58.2 ±10.2%. Independent predictors of late mortality were age older than 70 years at time of the surgery (p = 0.018) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.036). Ten-year freedom from cardiac death was better after CE on the left descending coronary artery (LAD) (93.2 ±3.3%) in comparison to CE not on the LAD (74.6 ±10.2%), although this difference did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.102).

Conclusions
Although the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction continues to be not negligible, in the presence of diffusely diseased coronary artery vessels CE associated with CABG appears to be a feasible adjunctive surgical tool, conferring satisfactory early and long-term outcomes. Coronary endarterectomy on the LAD confers a high probability of freedom from late cardiac death. Patients older than 70 years and those affected by a primary respiratory disease represent a new challenge on which to focus attention due to the increased risk of late death.

keywords:

coronary endarterectomy, coronary artery bypass grafting

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