eISSN: 2299-551X
ISSN: 0011-4553
Journal of Stomatology
Current issue Archive About the journal Editorial board Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
Original paper

Dental health of five-year-old children in Mazowieckie Province as revealed by Monitoring of Dental Health and Its Determinants in 2011 and 2016

Małgorzata Dudek, Iwona Soika, Weronika Jończyk, Anna Turska-Szybka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk

J Stoma 2018; 71, 3: 268-272
Online publish date: 2018/12/23
View full text
Get citation
JabRef, Mendeley
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
Epidemiology surveys conducted periodically in the same age groups allow assessment of the rate of changes in the burden of caries as well as the needs concerning prophylaxis and treatment. They also indicate the necessary course of action with regard to the promotion of oral health.

The aim of the study was to perform a comparative assessment of the dental health and the needs with regard to caries treatment in 5-year-old children in Mazowieckie Province in 2011 and 2016.

Material and methods
An analysis was conducted of the results of the epidemiological surveys of children aged five years conducted in Mazowieckie Province in 2011 and 2016 within the framework of Monitoring of Dental Health and Its Determinants. The analysis compared the prevalence and severity of caries (dmft/DMFT), the values of care indices and the needs with regard to treatment of caries and its complications. The statistical analysis employed the t-test to compare the means between the groups and the c2 test to compare the percentages. The analyses were performed using Statistica 12 software.

Over a period of five years, the percentage of children free from caries in Mazowieckie Province increased from 18.8% to 21.7%. In 2011, the dmft index was 6.02 and decreased in 2016 to the value of 5.33 ± 4.58. In 2011, the SiC index was 10 and the dmft index for the remaining 2/3 of the study group was 2.2. In 2016, SiC increased slightly, reaching the value of 10.75 ± 2.53, while dmft for the remaining 2/3 of the study group was 2.61 ± 2.45. The percentage of children in whom no treatment needs were identified increased from 22.7% in 2011 to 24.3% in 2016.

Despite the fact that the needs for care due to dental caries in 5-year-old children were satisfied at a similarly low level in 2011 and 2016, the values of indices concerning dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and the needs for treatment of extensive carious cavities and pulp pathology were decreased. The increase in caries polarisation in primary teeth stresses the necessity of continued monitoring of this population in order to develop tools that will enable a systemic approach to distinguishing groups of children that require enhanced preventive and curative measures.


5-year-old children, caries disease, primary teeth, epidemiological surveys

Wierzbicka M, Szatko F, Strużycka I, et al. Monitoring Zdrowia Jamy Ustnej. Stan zdrowia jamy ustnej i jego uwarunkowania oraz potrzeby leczniczo-profilaktyczne dzieci w wieku 5, 7 i 15 lat. Warszawa, 2011.
Wyniki badań epidemiologicznych prowadzonych w ramach programu „Monitoring Stanu Zdrowia Jamy Ustnej” w latach: 2008
i 2009, 2010, 2015. Availbale at: www.mz.gov.pl.
Oral Health Surveys. Basic Methods 4th ed. WHO, Geneva 2009.
Oral Health Surveys. Basic Methods 5th ed. WHO, Geneva 2013.
Olczak-Kowalczyk D, Kaczmarek U, Bachanek T, et al. Monitoring Zdrowia Jamy Ustnej. Ocena stanu zdrowia jamy ustnej i jego uwarunkowań w populacji polskiej w wieku 5, 7 i 12 lat w 2016 roku. Warszawa, 2017.
National Dental Inspection Programme of Scotland, 2014. Available at: http://ndip.scottishdental.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/
Vernazza CR, Rolland SL, Chadwick B, Pitts N. Caries experience, the caries burden and associated factors in children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland 2013. Br Dent J 2016; 221: 315-320.
Al-Mutawa SA, Shyama M, Al-Duwairi Y, Soparkar P. Dental caries experience of Kuwaiti kindergarten schoolchildren. Community Dent Health 2010; 27: 213-217.
Hysi D, Caglar E, Doroboniku E, et al. Dental caries experience among Albanian pre-school children: a national survey. Community Dent Health 2017; 34: 46-49.
Beqzati A, Mega K, Siegenthaler D, et al. Dental health evaluation of children in Kosovo. Eur J Dent 2011; 5: 32-39.
Norderyd O, Koch G, Papias A, et al. Oral Health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jönköping, Sweden during 40 years (1973-2013). II. Review of clinical and radiographic findings. Swed Dent J 2015; 39: 69-86.
Grund K, Goddon I, Schüler IM, et al. Clinical consequences of untreated dental caries in 5- and 8-year-olds. BMC Oral Health 2015; 15: 140.
Hashim R, Williams SM, Thomson WM, Awad MA. Caries prevalence and intra-oral pattern among young children in Ajman. Community Dent Health 2010; 27: 109-113.
Al-Malik MI, Holt RD, Bedi R. Prevalence and patterns of caries, rampant caries, and oral health in two- to five-year-old children in Saudi Arabia. J Dent Child (Chic) 2003; 70: 235-242.
Wyne AH. Caries prevalence, severity, and pattern in preschool children. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008; 9: 24-31.
Kundu H, Patthi B, Singla A, et al. Dental caries scenario among 5, 12 and 15-year-old children in India – a retrospective analysis.
J Clin Diagn Res 2015; 9: ZE01-5.
Duangthip D, Gao SS, Lo EC, Chu CH. Early childhood caries among 5- to 6-year-old children in Southeast Asia. Int Dent J 2017; 67: 98-106.
Šačić L, Marković N, Arslanagić Muratbegović A, et al. The prevalence and severity of early childhood caries in preschool children in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Acta Med Acad 2016; 45: 19-25.
Caufield PW. Dental caries: an infectious and transmissible disease where have we been and where are we going? N Y State Dent J 2005; 71: 23-27.
Leroy R, Declerck D. Impact of caries onset on number and distribution of new lesions in preschool children. Int J Paediatr Dent 2013; 23: 39-47.
Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe