eISSN: 2300-6722
ISSN: 1899-1874
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne
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vol. 39
Review paper

Diagnostics of atypical pulmonary infections

Patryk Adamczyk
Julia Parkolap
Agnieszka Kiryszewska-Jesionek
Dorota Pastuszak-Lewandoska

Department of Microbiology and Laboratory Medical Immunology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland Head of the Department: Dorota Pastuszak-Lewandoska PhD, MSc
Medical Studies/Studia Medyczne 2023; 39 (1): 65–72
Online publish date: 2023/03/31
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Atypical community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a lung infection caused by atypical bacteria. It is associated with non-specific symptoms, the course of the disease is unusual and it poses a serious threat to patients. Even though CAP is quite prevalent, most cases remain undiagnosed, and clinicians rely solely on empirical therapy. The aim of this article is to characterize the most frequently used methods in diagnostics of atypical CAPs and evaluate their efficacy. A literature review showed that most of these techniques are still under development and there is a need for standardized diagnostic algorithms for atypical infections. Molecular panels and serological assays have been especially emphasized as they allow for rapid identification of etiologic agents and antibiotic resistance.

atypical pneumonia, diagnostic methods, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila

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