eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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2/2021
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of different anesthetic methods on immune function and oxidative stress in patients undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy

Lei Wu
1
,
Jingying Liu
1
,
Yue Chen
1
,
Lei Tan
1
,
Qiannan Fan
1
,
Mingjie Zhong
1
,
Hao Wu
1

1.
Department of Anesthesiology, The First People’s Hospital of Suqian, Suqian, China
Videosurgery Miniinv 2021; 16 (2): 329–335
Online publish date: 2021/04/22
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Introduction
The influence of anesthetic method on the immune function and oxidative stress in patients receiving laparoscopic herniorrhaphy remains largely unknown.

Aim
To assess the effects of different anesthetic methods on the immune function and oxidative stress in patients undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy.

Material and methods
A total of 280 eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups to receive total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA group) and inhalation anesthesia (IA group). T lymphocyte subsets, oxidative stress response indices and inflammatory factor levels were measured before anesthesia, at the end of the operation, and 1 and 3 days after the operation. The incidence rates of adverse reactions were compared.

Results
At the end of and 1 day after the operation, CD3+ and CD4+ T cells and CD4+/CD8+ decreased in both groups compared with those before anesthesia (p < 0.05). Three days after the operation, CD3+ and CD4+ T cells decreased in both groups compared with those before anesthesia, which were higher in the TIVA group (p < 0.05). Interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein levels were significantly lower in the TIVA group (p < 0.05). At the end of and 1 and 3 days after the operation, oxidative stress response indices superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase declined in both groups compared with those before anesthesia, which were higher in the IA group (p < 0.05). The incidence rate of adverse reactions was significantly higher in the IA group (p = 0.002).

Conclusions
Compared with IA, TIVA has less effect on the immune function and oxidative stress of patients undergoing laparoscopic herniorrhaphy, and controls the inflammatory response more effectively, accompanied by a lower incidence rate of adverse reactions.

keywords:

total intravenous anesthesia, laparoscopic herniorrhaphy, immune function, oxidative stress

  
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