Biology of Sport
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ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of home confinement on mental health and lifestyle behaviours during the COVID-19 outbreak: Insight from the ECLB-COVID19 multicenter study

Achraf Ammar
1, 2
,
Khaled Trabelsi
3, 4
,
Michael Brach
5
,
Hamdi Chtourou
3, 6
,
Omar Boukhris
3, 6
,
Liwa Masmoudi
3
,
Bassem Bouaziz
7
,
Ellen Bentlage
5
,
Daniella How
5
,
Mona Ahmed
5
,
Patrick Mueller
8, 9
,
Notger Mueller
8, 9
,
Omar Hammouda
2, 3
,
Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos
10, 11
,
Annemarie Braakman-jansen
12
,
Christian Wrede
12
,
Sophia Bastoni
12, 13
,
Carlos Soares Pernambuco
14
,
Leonardo Mataruna
15
,
Morteza Taheri
16
,
Khadijeh Irandoust
16
,
Aïmen Khacharem
17
,
Nicola L Bragazzi
18, 19
,
Jana Strahler
20
,
Jad Adrian
21
,
Albina Andreeva
22
,
Jordan M Glenn
23
,
Nicholas T Bott
24
,
Faiez Gargouri
7
,
Lotfi Chaari
25
,
Hadj Batatia
25
,
Samira C khoshnami
26
,
Evangelia Samara
27
,
Vasiliki Zisi
28
,
Parasanth Sankar
29
,
Waseem N Ahmed
30
,
Gamal Mohamed Ali
31
,
Osama Abdelkarim
31, 32
,
Mohamed Jarraya
3
,
Kais El Abed
3
,
Wassim Moalla
3
,
Mohamed Romdhani
6
,
Asma Aloui
6
,
Nizar Souissi
6
,
Lisette Van GemertPijnen
12
,
Bryan L Riemann
33
,
Laurel Riemann
34
,
Jan Delhey
35
,
Jonathan Gómez-Raja
36
,
Monique Epstein
37
,
Robbert Sanderman
38
,
Sebastian Schulz
39
,
Achim Jerg
39
,
Ramzi Al-Horani
40
,
Taysir Mansi
41
,
Mohamed Jmail
42
,
Fernando Barbosa
43
,
Fernando Ferreira-Santos
44
,
Boštjan Šimunič
45
,
Rado Pišot
45
,
Saša Pišot
45
,
Andrea Gaggioli
46
,
Piotr Zmijewski
47
,
Stephen J Bailey
48
,
Jürgen Steinacker
39
,
Karim Chamari
49
,
Tarak Driss
50
,
Anita Hoekelmann
1

1.
Institute of Sport Science, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39106, Magdeburg, Germany
2.
Research Laboratory, Molecular Bases of Human Pathology, LR12ES17, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
3.
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
4.
Research Laboratory: Education, Motricity, Sport and Health, EM2S, LR19JS01, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
5.
Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
6.
Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis, Tunisia
7.
Higher Institute of Computer Science and Multimedia of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
8.
Research Group Neuroprotection, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Magdeburg, Germany
9.
Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany
10.
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
11.
Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
12.
Department of Psychology, Health & Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherland
13.
Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano, Italy
14.
Laboratório de Fisiologia do Exercício, Estácio de Sá University, Brasil
15.
Canadian University of Dubai, Faculty of Management, Department of Sport Management, United Arab Emirates, UAE
16.
Faculty of Social Science, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
17.
UVHC, DeVisu, Valenciennes ; LIRTES-EA 7313. Université Paris Est Créteil Val de Marne, France
18.
Department of Health Sciences, Postgraduate School of Public Health, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
19.
Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
20.
Department of Psychology and Sport Science, University of Gießen, Gießen, Germany
21.
Sports Performance Division, National Sports Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
22.
Department of Sports Biomechanics, Moscow Center of Advanced Sport Technologies, 129272 Moscow, Russia
23.
Exercise Science Research Center, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA
24.
Clinical Excellence Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA
25.
Computer science department, University of Toulouse, IRIT-INP-ENSEEIHT, Toulouse, France
26.
UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, Nanterre, France
27.
Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, Athens, Greece
28.
Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Thessaly, Greece
29.
Consultant in internal medicine and diabetes, MGM muthoot hospitals pathanamthitta, Kerala, India 689645
30.
Consultant family physician, CRAFT hospital and research centre, Kodungallur, Kerala, India.
31.
Faculty of Physical Education, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
32.
Institute for Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Karlsruher, Germany
33.
Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA, USA
34.
PharmD, BCBS; PharmIAD, Inc,Savannah, GA, USA
35.
Institute of Social Science, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39106, Magdeburg, Germany
36.
FundeSalud, Dept. of Health and Social Services, Government of Extremadura, Merida, Spain
37.
The E-Senior Association, Paris, France
38.
Department of Health Psychology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
39.
Sports- and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ulm University Hospital, Leimgrubenweg, Germany
40.
Department of Exercise Science, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan
41.
Faculty of Physical Education, The University of Jordan, Jordan
42.
Digital Research Centre of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
43.
Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
44.
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Av. das Forças Armadas, Lisboa, Portugal
45.
Institute for Kinesiology Research, Science and Research Centre Koper, Garibaldijeva 1, Koper, Slovenia
46.
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart I UNICATT, Milano, Italy
47.
Institute of Sport – National Research Institute, 01-982 Warsaw, Poland
48.
School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough E11 3TU, UK
49.
ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar and Laboratory ‘’Sport Performance Optimization’’, (CNMSS); ISSEP Ksar-Said, Manouba University, Tunisia
50.
Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2-2APS), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, 92000 Nanterre, France
Biol Sport. 2020
Online publish date: 2020/08/06
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Although recognised as effective measures to curb the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak, social distancing and self-isolation have been suggested to generate a burden throughout the population. To provide scientific data to help identify risk factors for the psychosocial strain during the COVID-19 outbreak, an international cross-disciplinary online survey was circulated in April 2020. This report outlines the mental, emotional and behavioural consequences of COVID-19 home confinement. The ECLB-COVID19 electronic survey was designed by a steering group of multidisciplinary scientists, following a structured review of the literature. The survey was uploaded and shared on the Google online survey platform and was promoted by thirty-five research organizations from Europe, North Africa, Western Asia and the Americas. Questions were presented in a differential format with questions related to responses “before” and “during” the confinement period. 1047 replies (54% women) from Western Asia (36%), North Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other continents (3%) were analysed. The COVID-19 home confinement evoked a negative effect on mental wellbeing and emotional status (P < 0.001; 0.43 ≤ d ≤ 0.65) with a greater proportion of individuals experiencing psychosocial and emotional disorders (+10% to +16.5%). These psychosocial tolls were associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours with a greater proportion of individuals experiencing (i) physical (+15.2%) and social (+71.2%) inactivity, (ii) poor sleep quality (+12.8%), (iii) unhealthy diet behaviours (+10%), and (iv) unemployment (6%). Conversely, participants demonstrated a greater use (+15%) of technology during the confinement period. These findings elucidate the risk of psychosocial strain during the COVID-19 home confinement period and provide a clear remit for the urgent implementation of technology-based intervention to foster an Active and Healthy Confinement Lifestyle AHCL).
keywords:

Public health, Pandemic, Mental wellbeing, Depression, Satisfaction, Behaviours

 
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