Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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3/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Effects of plyometric jump training on soccer player’s balance: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials

Filipe Manuel Clemente
1, 2
,
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
3, 4
,
Daniel Castillo
5
,
Javier Raya-González
5
,
Markel Rico-González
6
,
Rafael Oliveira
7, 8, 9
,
Thomas Rosemann
10
,
Beat Knechtle
10, 11

1.
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
2.
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Lisboa 1049-001, Portugal
3.
Department of Physical Activity Sciences. Universidad de Los Lagos. Santiago, Chile
4.
Centro de Investigación en Fisiología del Ejercicio. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Mayor. Santiago, Chile
5.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Isabel I, Burgos, Spain
6.
Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
7.
Sports Science School of Rio Maior–Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, 2140-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
8.
Life Quality Research Centre, 2140-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
9.
Research Centre in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
10.
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
11.
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
Biol Sport. 2022;39(3):765–778.
Online publish date: 2021/10/06
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Plyometric jump training (PJT) can be used for improving balance through bilateral and unilateral jump-landing drills. Since the increased number of articles testing the effects of PJT on dynamic and static balance, it is relevant to summarize the evidence and determine the effects across different original articles. This systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of PJT programs on dynamic and static balance in soccer players. The data sources utilized were Cochrane, Medline (PubMed), SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. (i) Soccer players of any age or sex without injury, illness, or other clinical conditions; (ii) PJT-based programs restricted to a minimum of three weeks (duration); (iii) passive or active control groups; (iv) pre-post interventions values of dynamic and/or static balance; (v) randomized-controlled trials; and (vi) peerreviewed original full-text studies written in English, Portuguese, and/or Spanish. The database search initially identified 803 titles. From those, eight articles were eligible for the systematic review and meta-analysis. The results showed no significant differences between PJT and active controls in dynamic anterior, postero-medial, or postero-lateral balance for both left and right legs (p > 0.05). Additionally, no significant differences were found between PJT and active controls in terms of static balance (p = 0.495). The current evidence suggests that PJT has no significant advantage over active control groups in terms of dynamic or static balance.
keywords:

Football, Human physical conditioning, Reactive strength, Power Motor skills

 
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