Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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2/2020
vol. 37
 
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abstract:

Eight months of school-based soccer improves physical fitness and reduces aggression in high-school children

Nebojša Trajković
1
,
Dejan M Madić
1
,
Zoran Milanović
2
,
Draženka Mačak
1
,
Johnny Padulo
3
,
Peter Krustrup
4, 5, 6
,
Karim Chamari
7

1.
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
2.
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš, Serbia
3.
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
4.
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, SDU Sport and Health Sciences Cluster (SHSC), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
5.
Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, UK
6.
Department of Sports Science, Shanghai University of Sport, China
7.
Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
Biol Sport. 2020;37(2):185–193
Online publish date: 2020/03/31
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School-based programmes have shown promising results in the reduction of aggressive behaviour, but the effectiveness of physical activity modalities among adolescents remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a school-based soccer programme on physical fitness and aggression in adolescent students. One hundred and five high school students were randomized to a small-sided soccer training group (SG) or a control group (CG). In addition to the regular physical education classes performed as part of a curriculum, the SG completed eight months of small-sided soccer training twice a week after school. Aerobic fitness (YYIR1), vertical jump (VJ), backward overhead medicine ball throw (BOMBT), and Buss and Perry’s aggression questionnaire were evaluated before and after eight months of training. Greater improvements were observed in the SG than in the CG in the BOMBT (%diff=4.3, ηp2 =.308) and YYIR1 tests (%diff=2.2, ηp2 =.159), and physical aggression subscale (%diff=-12.1, ηp2 =.144). Extra, school-based recreational soccer for adolescents was accompanied by a significant improvement in physical fitness, compared to physical education classes only. Moreover, the implementation of recreational soccer into regular physical education classes seems to be a potentially appropriate stimulus for reducing aggression in high-school students.
keywords:

Soccer, Small-sided games, Adolescents, Training and testing, Team sports

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