eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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vol. 7
Original paper

Evaluation of laparoscopic resection of colorectal carcinoma from the viewpoint of molecular biology

Matej Skrovina
Miloslav Duda
Josef Srovnal
Jiri Bartos
Lenka Radova
Marian Hajduch
Renata Soumarova

Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques 2012; 7 (1): 19-26
Online publish date: 2011/11/10
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Aim: Detection of the possible impact of surgical management on the occurrence of minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in bone marrow samples, portal and peripheral blood samples. Comparison of MRD prevalence in patients with laparoscopic resection of CRC and those with open colorectal resection. Assessment of the potential impact of MRD on the relapse of the disease and overall survival of patients.

Material and methods: The study included 124 patients with primary CRC without proven distant metastases indicated for elective laparoscopic resection and operated on between September 21, 2006 and December 31, 2008 at the Department of Surgery, Hospital and J.G. Mendel Oncological Centre Novy Jicin. 6 samples were collected from each patient to determine MRD (system venous blood and bone marrow at the beginning of surgery, venous blood from mesenteric bloodstream, system venous blood after the resection, system venous blood and bone marrow 1 month after the surgery). Detection of MRD on the basis of CEA expression was performed by real-time RT-PCR technique. The results were compared with those obtained within the similar research using the same methodology at the 2nd Department of Surgery, University Hospital in Olomouc (the group included 230 patients treated with open resection of CRC).

Results: In the group of patients treated with laparoscopic resection, a correlation between positive MRD in the sample of bone marrow collected before the surgery and the stage of the disease was found (p < 0.035). We also recorded the impact of surgical management on MRD occurrence in system venous blood in primary negative patients (p < 0.025). However, in the course of the short period of time we have not found a statistically significant correlation between the finding in patients with stage I-III, and the period prior to the relapse of the disease (p < 0.59). With regard to the results obtained, we can expect a potential direct correlation between a positive MRD finding in system venous blood taken prior to surgery in patients with stage I-III CRC and shorter time of survival (p < 0.075). In the group of patients treated with open resection of CRC, no statistically significant relationship between the stage of the disease and MRD occurrence was found. Incidence of circulating tumour cells (CTC) in the samples of venous blood taken prior to surgery is a prognostically important factor (p < 0.05) from the viewpoint of disease-free survival (DFS). Another prognostically important factor with regard to DFS seems to be the occurrence of disseminated tumour cells (DTC) in the bone marrow taken 1 month after the surgery.

Conclusions: The data recorded suggest a relationship between MRD finding and the disease prognosis. Collection of samples as well as evaluation of results continue as we strive to include more patients in our study and to obtain more data within 5-10 years of the follow-up. The comparison between the data obtained in the laparoscopic approach and the data obtained in open resection performed from the viewpoint of molecular biology did not show a significant difference in MRD detection in the samples collected after the surgery.

minimal residual disease, colorectal carcinoma, laparoscopic resection

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