eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2018
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Gender-related differences in men and women with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and incomplete infarct-related artery flow restoration: a multicenter national registry

Małgorzata Zachura, Krzysztof Wilczek, Jacek Kurzawski, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior, Marcin Sadowski

Adv Interv Cardiol 2018; 14, 4 (54): 356–362
Online publish date: 2018/12/11
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Introduction
Little is known about gender-related differences in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and incomplete infarct-related artery (IRA) reperfusion after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).

Aim
To evaluate gender-related differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis in patients with STEMI and incomplete IRA reperfusion after pPCI.

Material and methods
From 42,752 STEMI patients hospitalized between 2009 and 2011 in Poland we analyzed a group of 984 (36%) females and 1,746 (64%) males with less than Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow following pPCI.

Results
Women were older than men (72.0 ±11.3 vs. 64.0 ±11.7 years; p < 0.0001) and in age-adjusted analysis they were more likely to present with hypertension (73.7% vs. 67%; p = 0.0003), diabetes (33% vs. 22.6%; p < 0.0001) and obesity (28.1% vs. 22.6%; p = 0.0016). Heart rate > 100 beats/min was more common in women, while men were more often smokers and presented with sudden cardiac arrest. The most common IRA in women was the left anterior descending artery, and the right coronary artery in men. After adjusting for age statistically significant differences in pharmacotherapy concerned only the use of insulin (OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.02–1.68). High risk of death, rehospitalization due to heart failure or cardiac causes, were observed in all patients during the 6-month and 12-month follow-up periods. The risk of heart failure was significantly higher in women than in men. The most significant decrease in survival rates was observed in the in-hospital period.

Conclusions
Among patients with STEMI and post-interventional TIMI flow grade < 3 women have unfavorable baseline characteristics and an adverse short- and long-term prognosis when compared to men.

keywords:

primary percutaneous coronary intervention, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction, ST-segment myocardial infarction, gender-related differences

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