eISSN: 2449-6731
ISSN: 2449-6723
Prenatal Cardiology
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Original paper

Great vessels anomalies – prenatal echocardiography and neonatal angio-CT – a pictorial essay

Maria Respondek-Liberska
1, 2
Maciej Łukaszewski
Adam Oleś
Michał Podgórski
Piotr Grzelak
Maciej Słodki
1, 4

  1. Department of Prenatal Cardiology, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute
  2. Medical University of Lodz, Department of Diagnoses and Prevention Fetal Malformations Lodz, Poland
  3. Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute
  4. Institute of Health Sciences, The State School of Higher Professional Education in Płock, Poland
Prenat Cardio 2017 Jan; 7(1):31-42
Online publish date: 2019/07/16
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Fetal echocardiography is a method of choice for diagnosing cardiovascular anomalies prenatally. However, in the majority of cases, the complexity of a defect creates a diagnostic challenge. Moreover, postnatal validation of sonographic findings rarely can be obtained. Nevertheless, the feedback is vital for improving diagnostic capabilities. Thus, the aim of this research was to compare results of prenatal echocardiography with postnatal angio-CT in patients with anomalies of great vessels.

Material and methods
We retrospectively compared results of prenatal echocardiography and postnatal angio-CT in 10 patients with selected anomalies of the aortic arch. This was a qualitative analysis, thus discrepancies in recognized anomalies were compared between these two modalities.

In 8/10 patient diagnoses were fully consistent. Nevertheless, the tiny caliber of vessels created a diagnostic challenge (e.x. to differentiate the hypoplastic aortic arch from the aortic arch interruption). In the remaining case, the discrepancy was due to a problem with complete visualization of all branches of the aortic arch in prenatal ultrasound.

Fetal echocardiography in tertiary center was a reliable method for assessment of great vessels anomalies. However, critically narrow vessels remain a diagnostic challenge and neonatal angio-CT seems to be the method of choice in cases of diagnostic doubts.


prenatal cardiology, congenital heart defects, angio-CT, aortic arch, echocardiography

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