eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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vol. 16
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Guiding catheter extension facilities high speed rotational atherectomy for distal right coronary artery lesion

Tomasz Pawłowski
Zbigniew Śliwiński
Paweł Modzelewski
Robert J. Gil

Department of Invasive Cardiology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 4 (62): 507–508
Online publish date: 2021/01/05
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Extensive coronary calcification may affect procedural outcomes of coronary angioplasty, resulting in impaired device deliverability, especially in distal locations of the stenosis [1]. In some cases, balloon predilatation is not enough for successful dilatation of the lesion and high speed rotational atherectomy is needed to perform the procedure. Due to the limited length of effective rotablation (advancer moving length – 7 cm), deliverability to the distal plaque location is impossible. In the present case, we used a 90 cm length 7 Fr guiding catheter with 7 Fr guiding extension (Guideliner, Teleflex Co) to deliver a 1.25 mm Rotablator burr to the postero-lateral branch of the right coronary artery. Because of the risk of burr stack on the first arterial bend, we placed the tip of the Guideliner below this bend and using the standard Dynaglide protocol, the burr was advanced distally. After successful rotablation with the regular protocol, the burr was removed using the Dynaglide protocol. After that, coronary stenting was performed without any obstacles. The well-known limitation of the high speed rotational atherectomy system is the quite short range of burr movement. Additionally, the artery’s bending provides a risk of burr stack. In the present case, we used the Guideliner to overcome the mentioned issues [2]. Of course, one should remember that the internal diameter of the guiding extension has to be matched with the outer diameter of the burr. Based on our experience, we can recommend checking the matching outside the patient. A very important issue is the protocol of system manipulation. We advise using Dynaglide protocol to advance and remove the burr with careful manipulation of the burr at the tip of the guiding extension during removal just to prevent damage of the tip. On the other hand, the risk is comparable to the regular situation with the guiding catheter. We think that the guiding extension for rotablation burr advancement is a valuable option for some distal locations of a calcified lesion treated with coronary angioplasty. Of course, it can also be used for tortuous arteries with high degree bends [3].

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.
1. Kobayashi Y, Okura H, Kume T, et al. Impact of target lesion coronary calcification on stent expansion. Circ J 2014; 78: 2209-14.
2. Fath-Ordoubadi MF, Fraser DG. Distal stent delivery with guideliner catheter: first in man experience. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2010; 76: 102-11.
3. Vo M, Minhas K, Kass M, Ravandi A. Novel use of the GuideLiner catheter to deliver rotational atherectomy burrs in tortuous vessels. Case Rep Cardiol 2014; 2014: 594396.
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