eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Intraoperative and early postoperative complications in women with stress urinary incontinence treated with suburethral slings: a randomised trial

Jacek K. Szymański
,
Kornelia Zaręba
,
Grzegorz Jakiel
,
Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak

Online publish date: 2019/04/29
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Introduction
The midurethral sling has become the current standard for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence.

Aim
To assess intraoperative complications, early post-operative complications as well as the efficacy of tension-free vaginal tape: retropubic and trans-obturator tape procedures.

Material and methods
The analysis involved 91 tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and 60 transobturator tape (TOT) procedures. Both groups were comparable in terms of patient characteristics, urodynamic results, and preoperative quality of life (QoL) assessment. The complications were registered, and the effectiveness of the procedures was assessed subjectively by the patients at 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up.

Results
A significantly lower risk of intraoperative and early post-operative complications was noted in the case of TOT procedures (OR = 0.35%, 95% CI: 0.13–0.92). Moreover, regardless of the method used, patients with two or more vaginal deliveries in their history had a reduced risk of complications, as compared to nulliparas and uniparas (OR = 0.38%, 95% CI: 0.16–0.91). Previous gynaecological surgery and old age increase the risk of complications with borderline significance (OR = 2.5, 95% CI: 0.97–6.3; OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 0.95–5.5 respectively). The rates of cure, improvement and failure were similar in both groups, as was the significant positive change in post-operative life quality.

Conclusions
TVT and TOT procedures are characterised by a high cure rate and improvement in the post-operative quality of life. However, it seems that the transobturator approach should be the preferred method of treatment of SUI due to the reduced risk of complications, shorter procedure time, and lower intraoperative blood loss.

keywords:

complications, stress urinary incontinence, transobturator tape, surgical outcomes, tension-free vaginal tape

  
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