eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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vol. 10
Original paper

Intraoperative salvage endoscopy performed during orthotopic liver transplantation due to esophageal bleeding

Konrad Kobryn
Sławomir Kozieł
Waldemar Patkowski
Michał Grąt
Tadeusz Wróblewski
Marek Krawczyk

Videosurgery Miniinv 2015; 10 (3): 472–476
Online publish date: 2015/09/28
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Introduction: Liver transplantation (LTx) is a widely accepted method of treatment for end stage liver diseases. There are many reports on the management of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) after LTx, however the number of studies concerning salvage endoscopic procedures during LTx are scarce.

Aim: We present our material of intraoperative endoscopic procedures due to GIB during LTx.

Material and methods: During this period there were 4 females and 1 male at the mean age of 52.2 (35–65) years who underwent LTx and 1 patient had Re-LTx. All patients were Child-Pugh group C and mean MELD score was 17.75. Esophageal and/or gastric varices were present before surgery in all patients but only 1 female patient didn’t experience GIB prior to LTx. Variables such as operating time, cold ischemic time, blood loss, blood transfusion, PLT count, international normalized ratio, albumin levels were similar in all patients thus making it statistically insignificant as the cause of GIB.

Results: In all cases a single IOE was necessary and bleeding from ruptured varices succumbed to endoscopic ligation. In 2 patients besides trials of ligating the varix, histoacryl was put in use which proved success. In both these last female patients the endoscopic physician had to insert a Danis stent. A follow up endoscopy was performed on the 7–10 POD.

Conclusions: Intra-operative endoscopy performed during LTx does not interrupt surgery. Performed as soon as possible results in less future endoscopic interventions due to GIB. Intraoperative endoscopy may be considered as a salvage procedure and should be performed in the shortest possible time.


liver transplantation, endoscopy, gastrointestinal bleeding, portal hypertensive gastropathy

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