eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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abstract:
Original paper

Laparoscopic splenectomy via the spleen bed in combination with selective esophagogastric devascularization for patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension: a single-institution experience

Xiaopei Hao
,
Kunfu Dai
,
Yuting He
,
Lianyuan Tao
,
Haibo Yu

Videosurgery Miniinv
Online publish date: 2019/11/11
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Introduction
The safety and feasibility of laparoscopic splenectomy plus selective esophagogastric devascularization (LSSD) via the spleen bed for cirrhotic portal hypertension have not been well studied.

Aim
To assess the safety and feasibility of LSSD via the spleen bed for patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension.

Material and methods
From June 2012 to December 2017, 423 patients suffering from portal hypertension and hypersplenism with liver cirrhosis underwent surgery in our department. One hundred and sixty-seven of these patients received totally LSSD, and the others received open splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization (OSD). The characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative details and complications of the two groups were compared.

Results
The operations were successfully performed in all patients. Intraoperative blood loss volume and blood transfusion were similar between the two groups (all p-values > 0.05). Postoperative length of hospital stay and time to oral intake were significantly shorter, but operation time was longer in the LSSD group compared with the OSD group (all p < 0.05). However, postoperative portal vein diameter was significantly smaller in the LSSD group (p < 0.001). The postoperative grade of varices was significantly lower in the LSSD group (p = 0.030). No significant differences were detected between the two groups regarding postoperative liver function, but the incidences of pancreatic leakage, pleural effusion, and wound infections were higher in the OSD group (all p < 0.05).

Conclusions
LSSD via the spleen bed is safe and feasible for liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

keywords:

liver cirrhosis, portal hypertension, laparoscopic splenectomy, selective esophagogastric devascularization

  
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