eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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2/2019
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Laparoscopic treatment of large gastrointestinal stromal tumors (> 5 cm)

Maciej Stanek
,
Magdalena Pisarska
,
Anna Rzepa
,
Dorota Radkowiak
,
Piotr Major
,
Andrzej Budzyński

Videosurgery Miniinv 2019; 14 (2): 170–175
Online publish date: 2018/10/15
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Introduction
Although laparoscopic techniques are currently a recognized type of treatment of small stromal tumors (GISTs) of the stomach, their application in the case of larger tumors has been the subject of debate.

Aim
To evaluate the technical feasibility, safety and early results of the laparoscopic treatment of large GISTs with a diameter of more than 5 cm.

Material and methods
A retrospective analysis was performed using data on patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for gastric GIST in the period from 2009 to 2016. The patients selected for the study were divided into two groups based on the diameter of the tumor: patients who developed a tumor with a diameter smaller than or equal to 5 cm (group 1), and those whose tumors exceeded 5 cm in diameter (group 2). The following factors were established and compared for the two groups: duration of surgery, amount of intra-operative blood loss, length of hospital stay, and the number and nature of post-operative complications.

Results
No deaths occurred in the 30-day post-operative period, and no statistically significant differences regarding complications in the post-operative period were observed. In group 2, statistically significantly more pronounced blood loss and longer hospital length of stay were observed. No difference in the duration of surgery between the investigated groups was observed.

Conclusions
It appears that the surgical treatment of GISTs with a diameter of more than 5 cm by means of minimally invasive procedures is a viable and safe alternative.

keywords:

gastrointestinal stromal tumors, laparoscopy, gastric wedge resection

  
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