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ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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4/2017
vol. 12
 
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Surgical Education
abstract:

Laparoscopy in small bowel obstruction – current status – review

Jacek Szeliga, Marek Jackowski

Videosurgery Miniinv 2017; 12 (4): 455–460
Online publish date: 2017/12/29
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Introduction: Acute small bowel obstruction (SBO) is an urgent medical condition. Its diagnosis is based mainly on a clinical examination followed by confirmatory simple routine radiological examinations such as plain X-ray of the abdominal cavity or computed tomography (CT). However, a real surgical challenge is not a decision whether to perform a surgery, but a decision when and how to perform it.

Aim: To determine the place of laparoscopy in contemporary management of acute SBO based on the current literature.

Material and methods: A review of the literature based on the Medline database and including mainly the period of 2013–2017 was performed.

Conclusions: With regard to SBO, laparoscopy is a technique showing its advantages resulting from a minimally invasive approach. However, SBO is still a condition where the use of laparoscopy is limited mainly to selected cases such as SBO caused by single adhesions or foreign bodies. A basic limitation of using this technique is advanced and complicated SBO and lack of sufficient technical skills of the surgeon.

keywords:

laparoscopy, small bowel obstruction, acute abdomen

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