eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2020
vol. 16
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Long-term effect of anticoagulation following left atrial appendage occlusion with the LARIAT device in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: impact on thromboembolism, bleeding and mortality. Real life data

Radosław Litwinowicz
1
,
Grzegorz Filip
1
,
Dorota Sobczyk
2
,
Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy
3
,
Venkat L.K. Vuddanda
4
,
Magdalena Bartuś
5
,
Bogusław Kapelak
1
,
Krzysztof Bartuś
1

1.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
2.
Emergency and Admission Department, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland
3.
The Kansas City Heart Rhythm Institute, Overland Park Regional Hospital, University of Kansas, Kansas, USA
4.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA, USA
5.
Department of Pharmacology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 1 (59): 89–96
Online publish date: 2020/04/03
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Introduction
Indications for left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) are varied and patients require individual management strategies. However, currently no guidelines exist for postprocedure oral anticoagulation (OAC) after an LAAO procedure.

Aim
To evaluate the effect of OAC on thromboembolism, bleeding and mortality following the LAAO procedure for patients with AF.

Material and methods
One hundred and thirty-nine consecutive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who underwent LAAO with the LARIAT device were followed for at least 40 months. Decisions about OAC and its modifications were individualized based on clinical presentation, patient and physician preferences.

Results
Following LAAO, 52 (41%) patients did not receive OAC (No-OAC group) and 75 (59%) patients received OAC (OAC group), without any intergroup differences in CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc score or other thromboembolic risk factors. The median HAS-BLED score was higher in the OAC-group (median 3 (3–4) vs. 3 (2–4), p = 0.014). During a median follow-up time of 51 (43–57) vs. 55 (48–59) months in the No-OAC group and in the OAC group (p = 0.19) there were no significant differences between groups in ischemic stroke/TIA, 0 (0%) vs. 2 (2.7%), other thromboembolic events, 0 (0%) vs. 1 (1.3%), life-threatening, disabling or major events, 2 (3.7%) vs. 2 (2.7%), or annual mortality rate, 1.9% vs. 0.9%, respectively.

Conclusions
There is no need for OAC after the LAAO procedure. Omitting OAC after an LAAO procedure in AF patients: (1) has similar stroke prevention rates as patients on OAC, (2) has similar bleeding prevention rates as patients on OAC, (3) has similar safety endpoints and long-term efficacy as patients on OAC.

keywords:

stroke, atrial fibrillation, left atrial appendage, left atrial appendage occlusion, anticoagulant treatment

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