eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2019
vol. 15
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Long-term observation of adults after successful repair of aortic coarctation

Beata Róg
,
Magdalena Okólska
,
Piotr Weryński
,
Piotr Wilkołek
,
Tomasz Pawelec
,
Jacek Pająk
,
Piotr Podolec
,
Lidia Tomkiewicz-Pająk

Adv Interv Cardiol 2019; 15, 4 (58): 455–464
Online publish date: 2019/12/08
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction
Despite successful repair of aortic coarctation, cardiovascular complications occur.

Aim
To analyse type and frequency of late complications and their impact on exercise capacity in adults after aortic coarctation repair.

Material and methods
Fifty-eight adults after aortic coarctation repair, 36 male, median age 27.46 ±10.57, were compared to 30 healthy volunteers. Physical examination, transthoracic echocardiography, carotid intima-media thickness measurement, cardiopulmonary exercise test and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were performed.

Results
The main complications were: arterial hypertension 48.3%, myocardial hypertrophy in echocardiography 29.34%, recoarctation 25.86%, aortic dilation 13.79% and coronary artery disease 6.89%. Exercise tolerance was reduced in the cardiopulmonary exercise test. The VO2/kg peak was lower, 29.01 ±8.79 vs. 49.16 ±7.38 ml/kg/min, p < 0.001, VE/VCO2 peak higher 28.18 ±4.69 vs. 26.78 ±3.13, p = 0.017. The peak heart rate was reduced, 157.28 ±22.22 vs. 177.93 ±23.08 bpm, p < 0.001, peak systolic blood pressure was higher, 174.79 ±17.62 vs. 153.33 ±4.79 mm Hg, p < 0.001. Systolic blood pressure in 24-hour ambulatory monitoring correlated with left ventricle mass index, r = 0.29, p = 0.025, wall thickness, r = 0.31, p = 0.039. Age at operation was related to left ventricle wall thickness, r = 0.27, p = 0.041, and carotid intima-media thickness, r = 0.26, p = 0.046. There was no association of any cardio-pulmonary parameters with time from surgery, type of operation or echocardiography results.

Conclusions
Adults after aortic coarctation repair suffer from arterial hypertension, recurrent aortic stenosis, aortic aneurysms, and coronary artery disease. Reduced exercise capacity in cardio-pulmonary exercise test is related to hypertensive reaction and chronotropic incompetence.

keywords:

atherosclerosis risk factors, coarctation of aorta, exercise capacity, cardio-pulmonary exercise test, long-term complications in coarctation of the aorta

Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe