eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
1/2020
vol. 19
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Menopause uncertainty: the impact of two educational interventions among women during menopausal transition and beyond

Fateme Afshari
1
,
Narjes Bahri
2
,
Moosa Sajjadi
3
,
Mohammad Reza Mansoorian
4
,
Hamid Reza Tohidinik
5, 6

1.
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran
2.
Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Social Development and Health Promotion Centre, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3.
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing, Social Development and Health Promotion Centre, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4.
Department of Management and Community Health Nursing, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
5.
HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
6.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Menopause Rev 2020; 19(1): 18-24
Online publish date: 2020/04/27
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Introduction
Menopause is a natural part of women’s lives, which is associated with physical and mental changes and can lead to uncertainty and consequent undesirable effects in the lives of menopausal women. The present study was conducted to compare the impact of multimedia and booklet educational methods on the uncertainty about menopause during this transition period.

Material and methods
In this field trial study 68 women aged 45-55 years were randomly allocated into two groups: multimedia and booklet. Data were collected using knowledge and uncertainty questionnaires about menopause in three stages, i.e. before intervention, immediately after intervention (two weeks later), and one month later. Repeated-measures analysis of variance (rANOVA) was used to compare knowledge and uncertainty scores between two groups for the duration of the study. Data were analysed using SPSS software and p values < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant.

Results
The results of the study indicated a high level of uncertainty in both groups before the implementation of the educational program. There was no significant difference between groups in terms of knowledge and uncertainty about menopause over time (p > 0.05). However, we found a significant increase in knowledge and a significant decrease in uncertainty scores in both groups (p < 0.001) after the interventions.

Conclusions
Although the findings of this study did not show a significant difference between the effect of multimedia and booklet educational methods in postmenopausal women, the high level of uncertainty of women before intervention and its significant reduction after the implementation of the educational programs indicated the importance of education throughout this period.

keywords:

illness uncertainty, distance education, multimedia, booklet, menopause, menopausal transition

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