eISSN: 2084-9885
ISSN: 1896-6764
Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia/Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3-4/2009
vol. 4
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:

Original article
Verbal fluency in depressive patients with bipolar disorder

Beata Daniluk
,
Ewa Małgorzata Szepietowska
,
Monika Bukowska

Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia 2009; 4, 3-4: 126-136
Online publish date: 2009/12/09
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Introduction: Verbal fluency tasks are frequently applied in diagnosis of memory disorder and executive functions in people from different clinical groups. Various ways to analyze the task performance are suggested. The results are correlated with individual and clinical variables, and task procedure (task features). Numerous studies showed differences in level of verbal fluency performance in people with damages of anterior and posterior areas of brain, and pathology of right or left hemisphere. Less research concerns verbal fluency in people with bipolar disorder (BD).

Material and methods: Twenty depressive patients suffering from BD and twenty healthy controls have been examined. We have applied two kinds of phonemic fluency tasks (letters K and F) and two kinds of semantic fluency tasks (categories “animals” and “tools”). We have analyzed the number of correctly generated words, clusters and switches, also dependence between the kind and the results of tasks (phonemic fluency - high frequency letters and low frequency letters; semantic fluency - the number of classes: big/small). We have estimated the influence of individual variables on the level of verbal fluency.

Results: In depressed phase patients with BD achieve significantly lower results than controls, and the differences concern the number of generated words, clusters, and switches from high frequency categories. The level of semantic fluency was higher than the level of phonemic fluency in both groups. Individual variables (education, job) modified the level of performance in people with BD only.

Conclusions: Depressive individuals with BD present difficulties resulted more from deficit of executive functions and less from generation of semantic content, which can be related to dysfunction of prefrontal areas and their connections with posterior areas of brain.
keywords:

bipolar disorders, depressed phase, fonemic fluency, semantic fluency

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe