eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
3/2014
vol. 10
 
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abstract:

Original paper
Long-term prognostic value of admission hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Hamdi Pusuroglu
,
Ozgur Akgul
,
Huseyin Altug Cakmak
,
Mehmet Erturk
,
Ozgur Surgit
,
Omer Celik
,
Derya Ozturk
,
Fatih Uzun
,
Emre Akkaya
,
AydIn YIldIrIm

Postep Kardiol Inter 2014; 10, 3 (37): 166–174
Online publish date: 2014/09/11
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Introduction: Many studies have reported the diagnostic and prognostic value of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome. However, the short- and long-term prognostic value of HbA1c level in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is controversial.

Aim: To investigate whether admission HbA1c level has a prognostic value for in-hospital, short-, and long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI.

Material and methods: This prospective study included 443 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI between September 2010 and July 2012. The patients were divided into three groups based on admission HbA1c levels: group I  (HbA1c ≤ 5.6%), group II (HbA1c 5.7–6.4%), and group III (HbA1c ≥ 6.5%). The in-hospital, 1-month, and 1-year CV events of all 3 patient groups were followed up.

Results: A significant association was found between HbA1c level and 1-year primary clinical outcomes, including CV mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke (p = 0.037). In addition, age, Killip class > 1, and left ventricular ejection fraction were found to be independent predictors of long-term CV mortality in multivariate analysis (hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) 1.081 (1.020–1.146), 4.182 (1.171–14.935), and 0.832 (0.752–0.920); p = 0.009, p = 0.028, and p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated that increased admission HbA1c levels were associated with higher rates of major adverse CV events, including mortality, non-fatal reinfarction, and stroke, in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI.
keywords:

haemoglobin A1c, prognosis, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, primary percutaneous coronary intervention

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