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ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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3/2021
vol. 53
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Peritraumatic distress in mothers of severely ill children: a cross-sectional study

Anna Aftyka
1
,
Ilona Rozalska
1
,
Aleksandra Pawlak
1
,
Anna Goś
2
,
Jolanta Taczała
3

1.
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
2.
Department of Foreign Languages, I Faculty of Medicine with Dentistry Division, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
3.
Department of Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2021; 53, 3: 232–240
Online publish date: 2021/04/20
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Introduction
Peritraumatic distress is a syndrome that involves negative emotions, such as anxiety, helplessness and horror, experienced during and shortly after a traumatic event. The intensity of peritraumatic distress is significantly linked to the intensity of post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) symptoms. The aim of the study was to study the intensity of peritraumatic distress symptoms in the mothers of severely ill children and the relationship between peritraumatic distress and psychological, socio-demographic and medical coefficients in the mothers.

Material and methods
An anonymous survey was performed in a group of 135 mothers of children with a perinatal medical history and mothers of children hospitalized in an intensive care unit and an oncology unit. The demographic questionnaire was compiled by the authors along with several standardized research tools.

Results
Intensity of peritraumatic distress correlates strongly positively with anxiety, ρ = 0.50; P < 0.001, and moderately positively with intrusion ρ = 0.39; P < 0.00, arousal, ρ = 0.38; P < 0.001, PTSD intensification, ρ = 0.40; P < 0.001, depression, ρ = 0.49; P < 0.001. Significant predictors of peritraumatic distress include the use of such coping strategies as acceptance, β = –0.44; P = 0.001, denial, β = 0.20; P = 0.019, planning, β = –0.26; P = 0.012 and humour, β = –0.29; P = 0.048, as well as the possibility to obtain self-worth support, β = –0.07; P = 0.029 (R2 corrected = 0,32; F(5.33) = 9.43; P < 0.001).

Conclusions
Coping strategies are a potentially modifiable factor, thus, implementing prevention programmes concerning the strategies should be considered.

keywords:

coping, parents, post-traumatic stress disorder, posttraumatic stress symptoms, intensive therapy, dystress, peritraumatic dystress

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