eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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vol. 21
Original paper

Phase II study of adjuvant docetaxel and carboplatin with/without doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in triple negative breast cancer: a randomised controlled clinical trial

Safa Najafi, Mehrdad Payandeh, Masoud Sadeghi, Vahideh Shafaei, Fateme Shojaiyan, Fereshte Abbasvandi

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2017; 21 (1): 83-89
Online publish date: 2017/03/22
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Aim of the study: The aim of this trial was to compare overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and toxicity of two adjuvant regimens in triple negative patients with Iranian ethnicity.

Material and methods: In a phase II trial, patients with previously untreated triple negative breaststroke cancer were randomly assigned by using docetaxel 70 mg/m2 and carboplatin AUC = 7 every three weeks with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for sin courses (arm A) or doxorubicin hydrochloride 60 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 every three weeks with G-CSF for four courses followed by docetaxel 70 mg/m2 and carboplatin AUC = 7 every three weeks with G-CSF for four courses (arm B).

Results: A total of 119 patients were randomly enrolled in our study (60 patients in Arm A and 59 patients in Arm B) between 2011 and 2016. The mean follow-up was 40 months at the time of treatment analysis. The 2-year and 5-year DFS rates for Arm A were 92.7% vs. 85% and for Arm B were 82.6% vs. 64.4%. The 2-year and 5-year OS rates for Arm A were 96.5% vs. 91.7% and for Arm B were 90.5% vs. 81.3%. There was a significant correlation for DFS and OS in the two arms. There was no significant difference between adverse events with the two regimens.

Conclusions: In our research, less progression was found with Arm A as compared to Arm B. Adding of anthracyclines such as doxorubicin hydrochloride did not increase OS and DFS in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients.

breast cancer, triple negative, carboplatin, docetaxel

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