eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 9

Short communications
Circumflex-to-bronchial artery fistula with saccular aneurysm

Ufuk Eryilmaz
Hasan Gungor
Samet Uyar
Cagdas Akgullu
Mithat Selvi
Sevil Onay
Erdem Ozkisacik

Postep Kardiol Inter 2013; 9, 3 (33): 296–297
Online publish date: 2013/09/16
Article file
Get citation
JabRef, Mendeley
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
Coronary artery fistula is defined as an abnormal vascular communication between the coronary artery and any of the great vessels or cardiac chambers [1]. The overall incidence of coronary-to bronchial artery fistula (CBF) has been estimated to be 0.6% among the population undergoing coronary imaging [2]. Coronary-to bronchial artery fistulas usually originate from the left circumflex artery via a left atrial branch. Although CBFs are thought to be congenital, some underlying pulmonary diseases such as bronchiectasis can cause the anastomoses to dilate and become functional.

A 64-year-old male patient with bronchiectasis was referred to our department with effort intolerance after coronary angiography for further evaluation. Coronary angiography showed no significant stenotic lesions in the left main, left anterior descending or in the right coronary arteries. However, a fistulous communication with two saccular aneurysms (9 mm and 7 mm) between the sinoatrial branch of the circumflex artery and the bronchial arteries was observed (Figure 1). Contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography also showed the saccular fistulous communication between the Cx and bronchial artery (Figure 2 A). Multi-detector computed tomography angiography demonstrated that the fistula originated from sinoatrial branch of the Cx and coursed through the right of the aorta and right atrium. The fistula was connected to the right bronchial artery behind the right atrium (Figure 2 B). Fistula ligation operation was suggested to the patient, but the patient did not accept this operation.

Most patients with CBF are asymptomatic, but it can be a source of hemoptysis, angina due to coronary steal phenomenon, congestive heart failure and rupture of an aneurysmal fistula. In cases of great fistula with saccular aneurysm, as in our patient, surgical ligation of the CBF can be chosen for a definitive treatment.


1. Papadopoulos DP, Perakis A, Votreas V, Anagnostopoulou S. Bilateral fistulas: a rare cause of chest pain. Case report with literature review. Hellenic J Cardiol 2008; 49: 111–113.

2. Lee ST, Kim SY, Hur G, et al. Coronary-to-bronchial artery fistula: demonstration by 64-multidetector computed tomography with

retrospective electrocardiogram-gated reconstructions. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2008; 32: 444–447.
Copyright: © 2013 Termedia Sp. z o. o. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
Quick links
© 2020 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe