eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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vol. 13

Staged rehabilitation of obstructed right ventricle-topulmonary artery conduit with implantation of a Cheatham-Platinum stent mounted on two Tyshak-X balloons followed by a Melody valve

Tomasz Moszura
Rafał Surmacz
Sebastian Góreczny
Waldemar Bobkowski
Shakeel Qureshi

Adv Interv Cardiol 2017; 13, 2 (48): 182–183
Online publish date: 2017/05/25
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A 15-year-old patient, born with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum, having had complete repair and repeat surgical and percutaneous interventions for conduit obstruction, presented with recurrence of a narrowing in the right ventricular outflow tract conduit. Transthoracic echocardiography showed obstruction of the distal part of the conduit with moderate to severe pulmonary regurgitation. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed additional proximal, bilateral branch pulmonary artery stenosis. Haemodynamic measurements showed right ventricular systolic pressure (69/12 mm Hg) to be above 2/3 of the systemic arterial pressure (90/45/56 mm Hg) with normal pulmonary artery pressures (right pulmonary artery – 20/12/15 mm Hg, left pulmonary artery – 29/14/19 mm Hg). Due to complex narrowing at the level of the pulmonary artery bifurcation, a modified technique of stent implantation was used. A bare 34 mm Cheatham-Platinum stent (NuMED) was manually crimped on two 10 mm Tyshak-X balloons (NuMED, Figure 1 A) and implanted at the distal part of the conduit (Figure 1 B). Whilst the intervention resulted in reduction of the right ventricular systolic pressure (46/14 mm Hg) to less than half the systemic arterial pressure (95/49/61 mm Hg), further redilation (Figure 1 C) was deferred until the next stage of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (Figure 1 D). The previously implanted stent was redilated with a 20 mm Mullins X balloon (NuMED) and reinforced with a second Cheatham-Platinum stent delivered on a 20 mm BiB balloon catheter (NuMED). This was followed by implantation of a Melody valve (Medtronic) on a 20 mm Ensemble system (Medtronic), resulting in satisfactory final haemodynamic measurements (right ventricle – 37/9 mm Hg, right pulmonary artery – 27/22/24 mm Hg, aorta – 99/43/56 mm Hg).
Obstructions within pulmonary artery bifurcation are among the most challenging lesions. Modified stent delivery techniques, staging of the interventions and application of advanced imaging enable good results with reduced risk of complications [1–4].

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright: © 2017 Termedia Sp. z o. o. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
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