eISSN: 1731-2531
ISSN: 1642-5758
Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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2/2021
vol. 53
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Stress, anxiety, depression and basic hope in family members of patients hospitalised in intensive care units – preliminary report

Katarzyna Białek
1
,
Marcin Sadowski
1

1.
Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther 2021; 53, 2: 134–140
Online publish date: 2021/05/13
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Introduction
The family response to intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalisation includes development of adverse psychological outcomes such as stress, anxiety or depression. These complications from exposure to critical care are termed post-intensive care syndrome-family (PICS-f). Psychological repercussions of critical illness affect the family member’s ability to perform care functions after hospitalisation.

Material and methods
A total of 37 family members of patients hospitalised in an ICU were included. To evaluate the level stress, anxiety, depression and basic hope the standardized questionnaires the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Basic Hope Inventory (BHI-12) respectively were used.

Results
In 33 respondents (89.19%) a high level of stress was identified, and 14 (37.84%) and 12 (32.43%) respondents had severe anxiety and depression, respectively. Higher levels of stress, anxiety and depression were found in spouses and family members living with the patient. Female subjects had a higher level of basic hope (P = 0.026). It was found that perceived stress correlated with anxiety (r = 0.456, P = 0.005) and depression (r = 0.481, P = 0.003).

Conclusions
Most relatives of the patients reported stress, anxiety, depression and low basic hope. Preventive family-centred interventions are needed to minimize the risk of adverse psychological repercussions, including post-intensive care syndrome family.

keywords:

depression, anxiety, stress, intensive care unit, basic hope, patient’s family

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